Healthcare Delivery Essay

324 WordsMar 8, 20122 Pages
Public health practices in the United States have largely focused on sanitary regulations, the study of epidemics and vital statistics led to the growth of urban centers for the purpose of commerce and industry, unsanitary living conditions in closely populated areas, inadequately methods of sewerage and garbage disposal. limited access to clean water and long work hours in unsafe conditions led to periodic epidemics of cholera, smallpox, typhoid, tuberculosis, yellow fever and other diseases. These outbreaks led to demanding efforts to protect the public. Due to the outbreak of yellow fever in 1793 in Philadelphia the national capital moved out of Philadelphia, due to the outbreak this provoked the city to develop the first board of health within that year. In 1850 Lemuel Samek outlined the plan for the development of public health. The origins of the Public Health Service can be traced to the passage of an act in 1798 that provided for the care and relief of sick and injured merchant seamen. By the 1900, most states developed their own health departments that were responsible for a variety of tasks such as, preventing disease, prolonging life and prompting physical health and efficiency through organized community efforts for the sanitation of the environment. the control of community infections, the education of the individual in principles of personal hygiene, the organization of medical and nursing services for early diagnosis and preventive treatment of disease, and The development of social machinery, which will ensure to every individual in the community a standard of living adequate for the maintenance of health. References: Shi, L. & Singh, D. A. (2008). Delivering health care in America: A Systems approach (4th ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett. Introduction to Public Health (3rd ed.) Mary-Jane Schneider Smillie, W. G. The National
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