Patients who are very ill usually require intravenous (IV) antibiotics and admission to a hospital; they usually have a kidney infection (pyelonephritis) that may be spreading to the bloodstream. Other people may have a milder infection (cystitis) and may get well quickly with oral antibiotics. E. coli Enteritis E. coli enteritis is an inflammation of the small intestine, caused by infection with certain strains of E. coli bacteria. The diarrheal diseases caused by E. coli range from mild to life-threatening, depending on the specific type of E. coli bacteria involved. It is the most common cause of
Eighty percent of C-diff cases are found in healthcare settings (CDC, 2010). C-Diff can be very difficult to treat due to the fact that it has proven to be MDR (Multi-Drug Resistant) and in some cases the bacteria can cause death. Patients affected by C-diff may exhibit watery diarrhea, fever, loss of appetite, nausea, and abdominal pain and tenderness. However, patients may also present with symptoms of pseudomembranous colitis, toxic mega colon, perforation of the colon, and sepsis (CDC, 2010). Contact precautions are necessary when treating a patient this includes wearing a gown and gloves.
Necrotising Fasciitis November 18, 2013 Necrotising Fasciitis Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a progressive, quick acting bacterial infection of subcutaneous tissue that spreads rapidly through the anterior planes causing extensive tissue disruption. Necrotising Fasciitis can affect any part of the body and is the gravest demonstration of necrotizing soft tissue infection (NSTI); it is an uncommon but potentially deadly condition. Prompt awareness and intervention is crucial, as the death rate is directly relative to time to intervention. Pathophysiology "Flesh-eating bacteria" is a common mistaken term frequently used, as the bacteria do not actually "eat" the tissue. They cause the major devastation to the skin and muscles by discharging
Hand washing is one of the most important ways of reducing and controlling the spread of infections. (Storr 2004). Good hand washing is the first line of defence against the spread. Hand washing is to remove pathogenic microorganisms. Transient microorganisms are found on nurse’s hand which unfortunately is the source of HAI; fortunately they can be removed when the nurses wash their hands.
When MRSA infects skin, a swollen, red area develops, and it is usually painful. MRSA skin infections may develop pus or weep other fluids. If left untreated, a MRSA skin infection can go progressively deeper into the body, infecting blood and organs. Symptoms of MRSA infection can include chills, cough, chest pain, fever, fatigue, muscle aches, rashes, shortness of breath and a general feeling of malaise. The worst and final symptom of progressed MRSA infection is death Read more: http://www.foxnews.com/health/2012/05/08/mrsa-antibiotic-resistant-bug-that-has-health-officials-worried/#ixzz2UnSQcGzS When MRSA infects skin, a swollen, red area develops, and it is usually painful.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) may be difficult to diagnose. A health care provider may order tests to identify the infection-causing organism (e.g., chlamydial or gonorrheal infection) or a pelvic ultrasound is a helpful procedure for diagnosing PID. After observing diagnostic test results the health care provider will determine and prescribe the best therapy. PID can be cured with several types of antibiotics. “Samples of the bacteria from the upper genital tract are difficult to obtain and because many different organisms may be responsible for PID” (Stoppler 2012).
aureus infections can spread through contact with an infected person or surface by skin-to-skin contact or contact with soiled objects such as linens, food, clothing, or athletic equipment that were used by an infected person. S. aureus infections can be severe if they are deep enough. Patients who receive implanted prosthetic joints, for instance, are highly susceptible to deeply penetrating staph bacteria, and may develop septic arthritis, endocarditis, or pneumonia (Aziz, 2013). Common sources of nosocomial staphylococcus infections are staff nails, jewelry, stethoscopes, pagers, beds, instruments, workstations, and linens. Outside of the healthcare setting (community acquired) sources have been identified as razors, towels, soap bars, and whirlpools.
Closing Necrotizing fasciitis is a rare soft tissue infection that should not be taken lightly. With the proper care and antibiotics necrotizing fasciitis can be cured or avoided among a lot of people. In order to decrease the mortality rate of this rare disease a rapid diagnosis with a surgical intervention will assist in curing a patient of this
Some doctors may diagnose you with different illnesses due to the symptoms. Some people might only show one or two symptoms and have this disease. That is why it is very hard for doctors to diagnose you if you have Lupus. Your doctor will check for Lupus by examining you and asking you questions about your medical history and common symptoms and doing some urine and blood tests. It is easier for your doctor to diagnose Lupus if you have the most common symptoms and your blood has certain proteins.
The article explains treatment of pertussis depends on how bad the case is, the age of each person, and past medical history. However, pertussis can be treated with oral antibiotics to help reduce chances of spreading pertussis for people who do not have a bad case of pertussis. For people who have a bad case of pertussis, treatment may include supplemental oxygen, intravenous or IV fluids, intravenous or IV antibiotics, and steroids. The article also explains how to prevent the spread of pertussis. One of the big ways to prevent the spread of pertussis is to keep the infected person away from anyone who does not have pertussis or is not infected.