Health Policy Determinants Essay

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Health Policy Determinants Timeline The United States in the 1990s marked a pivotal point for the health care industry. With the growth of the Internet, consumers bought large numbers of computers, network costs dropped, and vendors developed software to improve the ease of use. Upon this increased use of technology, it was apparent that the health care industry would be more efficient by digitalizing patient medical records. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) is a set of regulations that assisted people in moving their health insurance from one company to another. “HIPAA created a system to recognize and enforce the rights of patients to protect the privacy of their medical records” (History of HIPAA, n.d.). HIPAA consists of many different rules to protect patient information effectively. This paper will discuss how HIPAA evolved and some of the most significant events that led to its creation. HIPAA Enactment – 1996 The origin of HIPAA dates back to the early 1990s, when the Internet and information technology became more prevalent. It was apparent that health care organizations would benefit from the use of this technology. This sparked a congressional concern about the transferability and portability of patient’s health coverage. This brought several issues pertaining to the transmission of health care information to light. “In order to increase the efficiency, effectiveness and cost savings through the use of electronic data interchange in the health care industry, Congress passed legislation,” (Privacy and HIPPA Information, n.d.). With this, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 was signed into law on August 21, 1996. The Act had two objectives. One was to ensure that people could keep their health insurance while between employments. The second part protects the security and
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