Health Inequalities in the Society

2181 Words9 Pages
This essay will aim to explain the persistence of health inequalities in society, it will address the extent to which medicine has contributed to the decline of disease and increase in life expectancy, there will be analysis of cultural differences in perceptions of and responses to health and illness. I will use Marxism and postmodernism as social theories and I will utilizes different models like biomedical, bio psychosocial and alternative medicine to support my exploration. I shall begin the essay by examining what health, illness and health inequalities are. I shall then proceed, within the main body of the essay, using the key elements within this examination to build my arguments around the issues and reliable statistical data and studies to support all my explanations. Furthermore medicine and the influence of culture would be examined to reveal their impact on health outcomes among various social groups. I shall conclude the essay by revealing how the root causes of this persistence in health disparity are being engaged in promoting and fostering better and health outcomes and equality within society. The World Health Organization (WHO) proposed a definition for health “as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” (Helman 2000, p. 84). According to (Townsend et al 1992) health is the personal soundness of the body or mind, mainly focusing in any healing procedure and the name health was derived from a word that means to be whole. To heal, literally means to restore to health. In discussing health and illness (Helman 2000; Townsend et al 1992) express the similar view that the rendition of what is understood as both health and illness varies between individuals, families, and different groups within a single society and societies. According to Helman (2000) illness is a personal

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