Low paying jobs keep the working poor impoverished. Someone working a full-time job, fifty two weeks a year at minimum wage would only earn $13, 624 a year, which is below the poverty line for two or more people (Lauer & Lauer, 2011). The kind of work that very poor people “access through their informal social networks is often low quality – poorly paid, insecure, offering little opportunity for progression” (Afridi, 2011, p.9). Two social issues that affect those living below the poverty line include social exclusion and the high probability of becoming victims of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Social exclusion is a term which incorporates the condition of social isolation and
In 1998/99 statistics show that at least 51% of all income poor children live in a household where at least one person works. Child poverty action group fact and figures show that 3.5 million children are currently living in poverty in the UK today. That’s 27 % which is 1 in every 4 child living without thing such as: proper clothes, food and even heat to keep them warm. Now what are the causes of child poverty? Most people would think that poverty occur from lack of financial income.
It has been concluded that there are millions of children leaving in poverty. What exactly is poverty? Any family (a husband, wife and two children under 18) that makes less than $23,021.Children living in poverty have a higher number of absenteeism or leave school all together because they are more likely to have to work or care for family members. Dropout rates of 16 to 24 year old students who are from low income
Evaluate different sociological explanations of health and illness in two social groups (D1) Artefact explanation Strength of this explanation is that it gives an account of technical problems in measuring and defining health. However studies show the link between health and social class are not true to life. Different studies have been carried out and different measures of class and health have shown similar patterns. The amount of people in the lower classes always showing poor health has risen. Natural and social selection explanation One strength of this explanation is that it explains the persistence of high mortality and ill health in lower social classes.
Although socioeconomic status is also an important variable in the location of these sites, race is the most significant even after controlling for urban and regional differences. Over 15 million African-American, over 8 million Hispanics, and about 50 percent of Asian/Pacific Islanders and Native Americans are living in communities with one or more abandoned or uncontrolled toxic waste sites. Booth (1990) points out that "many of the at-risk communities are victims of land-use decision making that mirrors the power arrangements of the dominant society. Historically, exclusionary zoning has been a subtle form of using government authority and power to foster and perpetuate discriminatory practices." A study by the Environmental Protection Agency concluded that socioeconomic conditions and race are the major factors determining environmental discrimination.
People in disadvantaged groups and areas tend to experience the poorest health but health inequalities exist across the population as a whole (Department of Health, 2007). The outcome of health inequalities are relatively current, pervasive and persistent (Marmot, 2010, cited in Health Select Committee, 2009) and there is an on-going discussion in the media on the factors of health inequalities and its relative contribution to unequal outcomes of education, social class, economic status, employment and ethnicity (Wilkinson & Pickett, 2010). National Equality Panel (NEP) reported in (Hill, et al., 2010) that inequalities within a minority group were substantial, often as great as, and sometimes greater than the inequality in the population as a whole. The term “health inequalities” is closely linked to “social determinants of health” (Marmot and Wilkinson 1999) as it refers to the multiple influences upon health status, including socioeconomic status, diet, education, employment, housing, and income. Social class is a measure that aims to locate one’s position in the social
Health and Social Class Our personal health is affected by many factors in our daily lives. The most important factor that affects a person’s health, however, is his or her social class. Economic status often determines a person’s healthcare, and, as a consequence, that person’s overall health. The healthcare options determined by social class are no care, limited care, and uneven delivery of care. These problems carry overwhelming costs to individuals who have scant resources to spare and to the majority of taxpayers, both of whom struggle with the burden of attempting to manage healthcare costs on a crisis-by-crisis basis.
It does not take into account social and psychological factors. It is dominated by considerations of genetically determined disease and biological status, and susceptibility or resistance to trauma and disease. The social model of health looks at how society and our environment affect our everyday health and well-being, and includes factors such as social class, occupation, education, income and poverty, poor housing, poor diet, and pollution. For example, the affects that poverty and wealth have on illness and health, can be seen when we look at the crude
Household employment status has also found to be a main factor of poverty affecting children. In 1995/1996, 54% of all children were living in workless households (Gregg et al, 1999). Unemployment within families not only has an impact on the economy, with more people having to rely on income support but also has repercussions on a child’s educational goals and social development. The children who
Child Poverty Many children and young people in Norfolk face a variety of disadvantages that mean they are less likely to have positive outcomes for their lives. A new child poverty report has revealed that parts of Norfolk have almost half of its children living in financial hardship. The latest report from The Campaign to End Child Poverty, named Norwich as the local authority worst affected in the region, with more than a quarter (30%) of children affected. One area in particular Nelson in Great Yarmouth is just 1% away of half of its children living in poverty.