Health Belief Essay

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The Health Belief Model (HBM) is a psychological model that is use in nursing to explain and predict health behaviors of patients diagnosed with chronic disease like MI. In educating the patient using this model, the nurse will focus on the attitudes and beliefs of the patient. The nurse will encourage the patient by educating to recognize and promptly response to signs and symptoms of any complication from the MI. In-depth education opportunities will be planned and evaluated. The overall goal is for the client to return to pre-hospital living condition in an improved state of wellness.
The theory of self-efficacy is based on the belief that what people think, believe, and feel affects how they behave. So, if the patient is taught to believe that they can take care of themselves and actually practice how to do it will help in maintaining good health.
Nursing diagnosis: Anxiety and fear related to new diagnosis, lack of understanding of medical condition and disease process.
The patient needs to understand his new medical condition in order to gain understanding of the disease process, signs and symptoms, complications, medication regimen, follow-up appointment as well as the benefits of physical activity, diet and weight control. By explaining what causes a myocardial infarction, sign and symptoms, complications using educational video, traced of the heart to demonstrate how it functions will help the patient. Modifying dietary choices, weight control and physical activity will promote better health. This process should be repeated until patient and family voice understanding. Patient and family involvement in plan and care is very vital. The outcome is that the patient/family should be to recognize signs and symptoms of MI and be able to call for emergency assistance (911).
Assess and educate the patient on diet control – Have the patient tell you

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