Health and Social Care Nvq 2

1851 Words8 Pages
Undertake agreed pressure area care Outcome 1 Skin is the largest organ of the body, covering and protecting the entire surface of the body. Besides providing protection to the body the skin has a host of other functions to be performed like regulating body temperature, immune protection, sensations of touch, heat, cold, and pain through the sensory nerve endings, communicating with external openings of numerous other body systems like digestive system, urogenital system, and respiratory system. The skin is primarily composed of three layers. Each layer has it own function and own importance in maintaining the integrity of skin and thereby the whole body structure. Pressure sores are the result of a constant deficiency of blood to the tissues over a bony area such as a heel which may have been in contact with a bed or a splint over an extended period of time. The surface of the skin can ulcerate which may become infected. Eventually subcutaneous and deeper tissues are damaged. The parts of the body most at risk of developing pressure ulcers are the parts which are in direct contact with a supporting surface, such as a bed or a wheelchair. These might be; shoulders or shoulder blades, elbows, back of the head, rims of ears, knees, ankles, heels or toes, spine, tail bone and buttocks. Some of the factors that can put an individual at risk of developing pressure sores are poor nutrition or hydration, a health condition that limits the blood supply(diabetes and peripheral arterial disease) making the skin vulnerable to bruising and damage, poor mobility, age or urine or bowel incontinence. By using incorrect moving and handling techniques you are putting individuals at risk of damaging their skin. This can happen when individuals are moved into chairs as they may be unable to get out of them therefore leaving the individual sat on the same area causing
Open Document