Health And Social Care Level 3 Unit 12 M1

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M1- Assess different psychological approaches to study Perspective | Key ideas | Strengths | Weaknesses | Alternative explanation | Behaviourist | The behaviourist approach proposes two main processes whereby people learn from their environment: namely classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning involves learning by association, and operant conditioning involves learning from the consequences of behaviour. | It clearly supports the nurture side of the nature versus nature debate.It is simplistic explaining concept behaviour using simple principals, such as classical and operant conditioning. | It use of animal can be criticised as animals are not the same as humans and therefore it is hard to generalise…show more content…
Three groups of children watched a video where an adult was aggressive towards a ‘bobo doll’, and the adult was either just seen to be doing this, was rewarded by another adult for their behaviour or were punished for it. Children who had seen the adult rewarded were found to be more likely to copy such behaviour. | Offers a way to integrate social and cognitive theories Allows and accounts for cognitive processesExplains a large number of behaviours | Doesn’t explain behavioural differences Doesn’t take in account that what one person views as punishment, another person may view as a reward | Psychodynamic can affect your social learning perspective, because social learning theory believe that your behaviour is affected by what you see adults doing and the psychodynamics theory believes that different events that happen in your childhood has an impact on what you behave like when you are an adult.…show more content…
In other words, psychologists from this perspective study cognition which is ‘the mental act or process by which knowledge is acquired.’ | That it looks at thought processes which were ignored by other psychologists, especially behaviourists.Its theories have been applied to cognitive therapies such as Rational Emotive Therapy. | It is reductionistIt is too mechanical; it compares the human to computers in that they have similar processes. | Humanist perspective can affect your cognitive perspective. This is because the humanist theory believes that you behave the way that you are feeling and because of your self – image, whereas cognitive theory believes that if you want to know why someone is behaving the way they are then you have to get into their minds.
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