Health and Health Promotion Theory Paper

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Health and Health Promotion Theory Paper An exploration of health promotion is envisaged on understanding of health. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) health is “a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (WHO, 2006). In keeping with the concept of health as a fundamental human right, there are certain pre-requisites for health, which include peace, adequate economic resources, food and shelter, and a stable eco-system and sustainable resource use. Recognition of these pre-requisites highlights the inextricable links between social and economic conditions, the physical environment, individual lifestyles and health. These links provide the key to a holistic understanding of health, which is central to the definition of health promotion. The concept of health promotion is based on the interpretation of social and cultural health, and disease. Health Promotion as defined by O’Donnell (2009) is “the science and art of helping people change their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health”. Optimal health is a balance of physical, spiritual, psychological and social health. Health promotion enables people to increase control over their health and to improve their health, which does not rely solely on one discipline of health but is rather a multidisciplinary scope that intertwines health education and health interventions and involves individuals, family, communities, state and federal government. The goal of health promotion is to enhance value in health, lessen the health risks, advocate for healthy lifestyles and settings, and respond to the underlying determinants of health. Implementation of Health Promotion Implementing health promotion is a key factor in promoting wellness and preventing illness. Chronic diseases in the United States have a major impact and
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