For a classification system to be useful it needs to be reliable. One problem is that of differential diagnosis, Bhui et al suggested symptoms of different mental disorders often overlap, exhibiting some symptoms of schizophrenia, e.g. major depressive disorder and schizophrenia both involve low levels of motivation. Therefore suggesting that there is no sharp dividing line between individuals with schizophrenia and those not suffering from the condition. Additionally, the existence of a disorder called Schizotypal personality disorder means that it is sometimes difficult to decide if a person has schizophrenia or schizotypal personality disorder further reducing the reliability with which schizophrenia is diagnosed.
Drastic changes in behaviour may occur, and the person can become upset, anxious, confused, angry or suspicious of those around them. They may not think they need help, and it can be hard to persuade them to visit a doctor. Changes in thinking and behaviour are the most obvious signs of schizophrenia, but people can experience symptoms in different ways. The symptoms of schizophrenia are usually classified into one of two categories: positive or negative. * Positive symptoms represent a change in behaviour or thoughts, such as hallucinations or delusions.
Schizophrenia can be managed, but it requires the assistance of medication and possibly other therapies. The wishful thinking of Elizabeth A. Richter in the thought that a person with schizophrenia can cure themselves is just a dream. The reality for people with schizophrenia is a lifestyle change that requires managing a disease with the aid of medication and therapies. Often times when a person with schizophrenia chooses to go off of medication they fall back into the world of delusions and faltered reality. This can cause upheaval and damage relationships within their life.
(Schizophrenia, 2007) “Hallucinations: This usually takes the form of hearing voices that are not there, but people with schizophrenia may also see, smell, taste, and feel things that are not there”. (Schizophrenia, 2007) “Bizarre behavior: This can be expressed in many different ways. In short, the individual behaves in ways that seem inappropriate or strange to other
Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is not only an American cultural issue. It has been diagnosed in many other countries and cultures. This essay will define what schizophrenia is, and the different effects culture has on the diagnosis and interaction for those people who are unfortunate enough to have the mental disease. Also the essay will discuss the impact schizophrenia has on human development. Schizophrenia is a mental disorder marked by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and disorganized or catatonic behavior (Shiraev, 2010).
CT261 Understanding Mental Health Problems 1.1 Describe the main types of mental ill health according to the psychiatric (DSM/ICD) classification system;- Mood disorders – affects the individual's moods and are more intense and difficult to manage than normal feelings of sadness or mood swings. They include all types of depression and bipolar disorder. Mood disorders are sometimes referred to as affective disorders. Examples include post natal depression which some women experience after giving birth and Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) experienced by some people in autumn and winter when the days are shorter and there is less sunlight. Mood disorders are thought to be caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain.
Abnormal psychology is a portion of Psychology that involves the study of behaviors that “seem” unusual or inappropriate by society's standards. However, in some cases, these unusual and inappropriate behaviors may be certain disorders or dysfunctions. People with these disorders may not necessarily be able to control their “emotions, drives, or desires.” Dissociative disorders, Sexual disorders, and Schizophrenia delusions lie heavily among the long list of abnormal disorders in the study of psychology. In the next few paragraphs, a thorough explanation of the disorders mentioned above will be discussed. When a person has a dissociative disorders, it usually means that their memory has failed.
Positive symptoms are hallucinations, delusions, hearing voices, thought insertion and thought removal, and somatic hallucinations. Negative symptoms are harder to distinguish from positive symptoms but a schizophrenic with negative symptoms lack emotions and have no motivation in doing anything (Team C, 2013). Known causes of illness Researchers have not pinned down the exact reason and cause of schizophrenia but there are many theories that suggest the reason why people develop schizophrenia. Some researchers believe that activity in the dopamine synapses’ D2 receptors can cause schizophrenia or it at least plays a part in the disease. Clinical theorists on the other hand, believe schizophrenia is caused by a combination of biological, psychological and sociocultural factors (Team C, 2013).
Typically, people with depression find it hard to go about their day-to-day activities and may also feel that life is not worth living. People with depression may take antidepressants, which are psychiatric medication to alleviate symptoms. When taken, antidepressants affect the nervous system in your body, mainly your neurotransmitters. There are several forms of depression. Major depressive disorder and dysthymic disorder are the most common.
Many scientists believe that genes play a role in creating fearful memories. Also, studying certain brain area that deal with stress and fear researchers have a better understanding of curing the causes of PTSD. Symptoms of PTSD can be flashbacks, bad dreams, frightening thoughts, avoiding people, events, or object that are reminders of your experience, and feeling on edge. Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe and disabling brain disorder that has affected people throughout history (NIMH). People who have this disorder may hear voices that other may not hear, feel as though the world can read their mind, control their thoughts, and are out to