Hate Crimes Essay

567 WordsOct 17, 20133 Pages
Threat Agents The FBI defines a hate crime as a traditional offense like murder, arson, or vandalism with an added element of bias. For the purposes of collecting statistics, Congress has defined a hate crime as a "criminal offense against a person or property motivated in whole or in part by an offender's bias against a race, religion, disability, ethnic origin or sexual orientation." When you involve an act as sexual violence this is concluded as a more intimate act. (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2012) The following are the different characteristics of who falls under these hate crime statistics: Race/Ethnicity - Many reported hate crimes are motivated by racial bias. In 2011, more than half of the 7,621 single-bias crimes reported to the FBI (50.8 percent) were racially motivated. Of 1,256 hate crimes in 20011 motivated by bias based on ethnicity or national origin, the FBI found that 61.7 percent were anti-Hispanic. (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2012) Religion - Bias and violence against Arab and Muslim Americans reached its height after the tragic events of September 11, 2001. It is estimated that there were more than 700 violent incidents targeting Arab and/or Muslim Americans or those perceived to be Arab or Muslim Americans in the first nine weeks following September 11th. Since hate crimes are defined as based on real or perceived group membership, these incidents are considered hate crimes. Most religiously motivated hate crimes are acts of vandalism, although personal attacks are also common. In 2011, the FBI reported that the great majority of these crimes were directed against Jews (68.4 percent), followed by anti-other religion (9.5 percent) and anti-Islamic (9.0 percent) hate crimes. (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2012) Disability - In 2011, 62 hate crimes against individuals with mental disabilities and 20 hate crimes that

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