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Harward Referencing Essay

  • Submitted by: sifad
  • on October 21, 2010
  • Category: Arts and Music
  • Length: 15,829 words

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Below is an essay on "Harward Referencing" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Guide to Referencing and Citations

Sheffield Hallam University
Learning and Information Services

Accurate and consistent referencing is essential in all academic work. Whenever you refer to either the work or ideas of someone, or are influenced by another's work, you must acknowledge this. Similarly if you make a direct quotation from someone's work this should be referred to accurately.

There are a number of systems of referencing.   This guide offers detailed guidance based on a range of British and international standards for producing references and bibliographies according to the Harvard method.   You may be asked to use another system, such as a numeric system or to use a different version of the Harvard method. If this is the case, please refer to your course handbook or tutors for guidance.   This guide does not cover the use of footnotes as these are not used in the Harvard system.

Contents:

What is referencing? 7

Why should you reference? 7

When and what should you reference? 7

Plagiarism 8

Paraphrasing and summarising 8

How to reference using the Harvard system 9

Principles of citing 9

How to cite 9
Where to put citations 10
Citing items with one author 11
Citing items with two or three authors 11
Citing items with more than three authors 11
Citing edited items 11
Citing organisation, company or government authors 12
Citing more than one item by the same author(s) 12
Citing when you cannot identify the author(s) of an item 13
Citing when you cannot identify the year 13
Citing multiple items together 13
Citing artworks 14
Citing diagrams, tables, figures, etc. 15
Citing or quoting more than once from the same resource 16

Quoting 16

Citing quotations 16
Quotation marks and indenting quotes 17
Omitting part of a quote 18
Quoting material not in English 18
Quoting translated material 18

Secondary referencing - for when you haven't read it, but you have read about it 18

Bibliographies and...

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