The Harlem Renaissance

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THE HARLEM RENAISSANCE In the 1920s and early 1930s, there was an African American cultural movement that took place in the neighborhood of Harlem, New York. It is variously known as the Harlem Renaissance, the Black Literary Renaissance, or the New Negro Movement. This movement called the Harlem Renaissance developed at the end of World War I in 1918, blossomed in the mid- to late 1920s, and faded in the mid 1930s. This movement developed amid social and intellectual disturbance in the African American community in the early 20th century. This movement impacted so many different cultures in many ways. The movement impacted urban centers throughout the United States and across the cultural field through literature, drama, music, visual art, and dance. Also in the realm of social thought of sociology, historiography, and philosophy; artists and intellectuals found new ways to explore the historical experiences of black America and the contemporary experiences of black life in the urban North. The Harlem Renaissance grew out of the changes that had taken place in the black community since the cancellation of slavery and which had been the cause and effect of the First World War. It can also be seen as the retaliation and expression of the great social and cultural change that took place in America in the early 20th century under the influence of industrialization and the beginning of a new mass culture. The Harlem Renaissance included the Great Migration, contributing factors that led to a rise of African Americans to the northern cities and the First World War. This also produce factors that led to a declined era called the Great Depression. During that time, hundreds and thousands of educated and intellectual black African Americans moved from an economically depressed, low budget rural south to industrial cities like Chicago, Philadelphia, Cleveland, and

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