What ideas about Modernity do we see represented in Hard Times Book 1, The Sowing, and how does Charles Dickens use narrative techniques to represent them? Hard Times conveys numerous ideas of modernity, which can be represented cleverly through the use of narrative techniques. Dickens creates a series of caricatures to symbolise the way the disarranged society intermingled at the time, and to further convey the effects of modernity through these symbolic characters. Bounderby and Gradgrind are symbolic of the ideas of utilitarianism while in contrast, Sissy and Sleary emphasise the need of fancy still, even in a mechanised world. Louisa and Tom, products of Gradgrind’s fact-filled reasoning, represent the lost cases of this teaching method while Stephan and Rachael symbolise the victims of these new ideas.
Christopher Lauer Mark Twain’s Portrayal of Society The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain views American Society, set in the mid 1800’s in Missouri in a way that has sparked much controversy. Throughout the novel, Twain uses various elements of speech to describe to the reader what life was like in that area at that time. Twain uses satire, word choice, and diction to critique the daily activities and way of life. This has been the cause of much debate along with the use of derogatory terms such as “Nigger”. Twain portrays society as uneducated and uncivilized in order to force change and create conversation.
This is the same example used in this case as many workers would receive their duty assignments and direction from one supervisor, and follow their order. The example used in the case was when Martin described, “I also found a very hierarchical situation: top-down, traditional, the boss tells the worker and the worker does it and goes home.” Next, Stability of Tenure of Personnel which is the time that it takes for an employee to complete their task. This particular principle was noted when Martin decided to send his employees to formal training, which leads me to my final principle - Esprit de Corps is the harmonious effort of all employees in a company that is needed in order for a business to be successful. C.F. Martin discovered that this principle was present when he decided to take an Outward Bound course for a week, and really started to understand and learn the true value of team work.
Alan Bennett’s The History Boys is a play following a group of history pupils preparing for the Oxford and Cambridge entrance examinations under the guidance of three teachers (Hector, Irwin and Lintott) who have contrasting styles. Hector is far by one of the main characters and frames the whole play, along with Irwin. Bennett uses Hector as a comical character incongruence to the serious matters to create humour. Firstly, I agree that Hector is a true comic character in The History Boys. His teaching in his classroom is very comic, and very different from any other teaching styles in the play, and from what you would normally see in real life.
The main reason why they lacked money was because his father, Malachy, would always waste the entire dole on alcohol. When McCourt was younger he did not understand why they never had enough money for food, but as he matured he realized his father was the reason they had to experience a life in poverty. “We’re on the seesaw. Up, down, up, down. Malachy goes up.
Lily was a victim of abuse and neglect at the hand of her father T. Ray. She was alone, and her father made no attempt at trying to care for her. All T. Ray ever did was yell, hit, and punish Lily for no apparent reason. One night she went outside to lay in the moonlight with her shirt unbuttoned in an attempt to get away from everything and feel a little bit of freedom in her life. Her father caught in the act and without even asking Lily what happened told her, “You act no better than a slut” (24).
He illustrates his harsh childhood by saying that “Having at that time to find out for myself what the expression meant, and knowing her to have a hard and heavy hand, and to be much in the habit of laying it upon her husband as well as upon me, I supposed that Joe Gargery and I were both brought up by hand.” (5) Even as a child, because of this harsh upbringing and his somewhat secluded home, he is not able to grow up with the other children and thus, is different from them. He has never played with another child before, and illustrates that when he says to Miss Havisham “If you complain of me I shall get into trouble with mysister, so I would do it if I could; but it's so new
He grew up in a household where his father was a drunk and rarely home, and his mother had passed away. He never had anyone who cared for him. He did not have a role model present in his life. Huck started caring for Widow Douglas and Miss Watson, who quickly changed Huck’s way of life and made him believe that slavery was acceptable and that anyone helping a slave would go straight to Hell. They believed he needed to grow up and become an adult.
The Underground Man is a hermit. He is always alone which is a sign for existentialism because he argues that every man is in constant isolation. Man is born alone and he will also die alone. He is away from his fellow human beings. The Underground Man makes his unchanging character known within this quote; “I did not, of course, maintain friendly relations with my comrades and soon was at loggerheads with them and in my youth and inexperience I even gave up bowing to them, as though I had cut off all relations.
This quote makes me feel icy towards the students and teachers; also it makes me feel sorry for Stanley. Though, the only reason I feel annoyed with the teachers is because it REALLY doesn’t matter how a person looks on the outside, what matters is how they are on the inside. At the start of the novel, Stanley is described as being unpopular and is over-weight. “He didn’t have any friends at home. He was over-weight.” This quote supports my ideas by saying that he does not have any friends and is stout.