I am going to discuss the studies from the article “Can Optimism Decrease the Risk of Illness and disease among the elderly?” and how it shows the effects of optimism on our lives. Optimism is sometimes viewed as a naively rosy view of the world. However, optimists are not in denial about challenges and
The independent group design could have meant, by chance, the group who were told to expect no negative withdraws, were naturally more determined people, thus increasing their chance of giving up anyway. Without a control group we cannot see how many people would have relapsed with no expectations being induced. Furthermore, self report methods were used when reporting withdrawal symptoms, which are subjective and could be influenced by demand characteristics, with people guessing the aim of the study and trying to give answers to help the experimenter. Another cognitive explanation is the self medicated model, which descried relapse as a result of the individual believing without their addiction they cannot cope, focus on a task or feel bored without their addiction to occupy them. For example a smoker may feel too stressed to function properly at work, therefore relapse and continual smoking occurred to reduce these negative
The fact that there is a rise of New Religious Movements gaining status and becoming well known in society could be a reason for the view that Sects and Cults are more important than the church as it losing members and attendance is declining. Due to modernity, people are becoming individualistic in terms of that they are doing things to benefit themselves rather than society. An example of this is the young of today who believe in spirituality as it aims to improve the individual. Stark and Bainbridge see sects and cults as promising other-worldly benefits in heaven and in this present life like good health, and because of this people would rather follow these new religious movements than churches because the individuals need of feeling to have a better life not and after death brings them comfort as they would be free from the oppression that they are faced with in society today. However it can be argued that just because the attendance of church members are declining does not mean that other Religious and Spiritual movements are taken their place as statistics show that there is still a lot of people that believe in God and still use the church for events such as baptism, weddings and funerals etc.
This plan does not cover preexisting conditions, the risks of providing this plan is lower. This groups employees were younger than those for E-Editor and did not have any preexisting conditions. This is why this makes it the best insurance plan for Constructit. The premium that is going to be charged Constructis is $3,428, and Castor Collins earning from Constructit is $3.43 million. Given the health profile and expected utilization of services for this group, increased earnings for Castor Collins could have been better if Constructit had been provided a different plan.
Before World War II, one of the objectives of American psychology was to “make relatively untroubled people happier” (Seligman). Much of the wealth of information gathered while trying to treat and cure mental disorders can also be used to determine what leads to positive psychology. “The ultimate goal of positive psychology is to make people happier by understanding and building positive emotion, gratification and meaning” (Seligman). Through study, psychologist have determined that there are exercises’ which help to make people happier and the and the positive emotions from the exercises’ practiced have lasting effects for up to three months. To help the estimated seventy percent of the population who aren’t battling mental illness, but also may not be living their life as happily as possible, researchers must determine what happiness is.
However, for some waiting lists the amount of people on them will stay the same as some health care is inelastic. The NHS offers a high quality of service as it is government regulated. This means that everyone gets the same quality of treatment. If you did have to pay for you treatment then richer people would be able to afford better health care which would not be ethically right. It could also mean a poorer person with a greater need having to wait longer than a richer person as they can’t pay.
In addition, 73% of volunteers feel that volunteering lowered their stress levels. Overall, volunteering in one’s community not only fills individuals with positive feelings of accomplishment it can also improve one’s health and even promote a longer life. Can’t decide what you want to do as a career? Wouldn’t it be great to be able to test a possible new career first? Quoted from Service Leader Organization, “Volunteering is a marvelous way to explore possible career options.
• By combining models of cerebral emotional asymmetry and unilateral hemispheric activation, research has that positive emotions are associated with greater left frontal brain activity and that withdrawal-related negative emotions are associated with greater right frontal brain activity. • Optimism Stabilizes Cortisol Levels and Lowers Stress-cortisol tends to be more stable in people with a positive perspective. • Cortisol- We need cortisol to stimulate our sympathetic nervous system and kickstart our bodies into action. Cortisol levels typically peak just after we wake up and tend to decline through the day in people with a healthy adaptation to stress. The optimistic
Once one has done this, it is easy to tell that steroids shouldn’t be legalized. While the thought of stronger, faster, and more elite athletes does spike ones interest, the negative effects seem to outweigh the positives. When one takes into consideration how easily influenced the youth of America is by professional athletes, it is undeniable that teens will most likely begin using steroids to become more like the players they idolize. Steroid use in teens has been proven to cause addiction and even suicide and that seems like a rather large price to pay just to increase athletic performance. Aside from the negative influence, the negative health effects that come along with steroids can be dreadful.
As of now, there is no curable medication or proven effective medication for Alzheimer's but exercise may increase brain health. The article also states the many benefits of exercise and why this may result in a decrease to the disease. Exercise has been proven to reduce cholesterol, depression, blood pressure and diabetes and these are all risk factors for dementia. The article also shows the different kinds of studies and when done on animals it shows exercise can increase memory health. The study was also done on humans and its not 100 percent accurate yet, but scientist are almost certain it helps in some