Günter Zschornack Handbook of X-Ray Data
Handbook of X-Ray Data
With 113 Figures and 161 Tables
Ass.-Prof. Dr. rer. nat. habil. Günter Zschornack
Technische Universität Dresden Institut für Angewandte Physik Mommsenstraße 13 01062 Dresden firstname.lastname@example.org
Library of Congress Control Number: 2006937001 ISBN 978-3-540-28618-9 Springer Berlin Heidelberg New York This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, speciﬁcally the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microﬁlm or in any other way, and storage in data banks. Duplication of this publication or parts thereof is permitted only under the provisions of the German Copyright Law of September 9, 1965, in its current version, and permission for use must always be obtained from Springer. Violations are liable for prosecution under the German Copyright Law. Springer is a part of Springer Science+Business Media springer.com © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007 The use of general descriptive names, registered names, trademarks, etc. in this publication does not imply, even in the absence of a speciﬁc statement, that such names are exempt from the relevant protective laws and regulations and therefore free for general use. Typesetting: PTP-Berlin GmbH, Berlin Production: LE-TEX Jelonek, Schmidt & Vöckler GbR, Leipzig Cover: WMXDesign, Heidelberg Printed on acid-free paper 57/3100/YL - 5 4 3 2 1 0
Today, with energy-dispersive and wavelengthdispersive techniques, modern methods in X-ray analysis are used in a wide range of applications, as for example in X-ray ﬂuorescence analysis, electron microbeam analysis,X-ray ﬂuorescence analysis with charged particles, and so on. In many applications – for instance in metallurgy, mining, microelectronics, medicine, biology, environmental protection, chemistry, archeology, X-ray...