Sangah Kwak AP World Mr. Costigan 31 October 2012 AP World History DBQ Thesis Han’s attitude toward labor and manufacturing was more lenient and acceptable than the Romans who had a more negative and uncertain view, therefore causing a general attitude of labor and technology to be positive. The Han government official of the Han Dynasty in the 2nd century B.C.E says that technology is an advantage towards the government, the people, and empire which results in the invention of the aqueducts and other engineering needs. The Han government official explains that technology is beneficial because it is a key to the regulation of the government, it is an essential part of the empire, and requires government intervention. (D#1) The Han government official, Huan Guan, in the 1st century B.C.E, illustrates that the government developed sub-standard tools because of monopolies and explains that a strong government should adjust the situation. Huan Guan says that technology is an essential part of peasant production and the government is responsible for its suppor.
History Essay In Han China and the Romans, both have different attitudes towards technology. Some people were happy to have technology, while others weren’t looking forward to working with tools, but despite their complaints, the Hans and the Romans people still view differently at how the technology affects their life. Some view technology as a tool to use people to get what the government want, some viewed technology as beneficial, while others wanted to help make labor easier on people. In documents 2 and 5, people were used to achieve what the government wanted. Cicero, an upper-class Roman political leader said that “vulgar and unbecoming to a gentleman”, (Doc 5) is what men are turning into.
Each built their own roads to help the military and built walls, for instance the Great Wall of China in Han China, to protect themselves from invasions. The economy of each civilization differed because Han had much recourse while Rome only had metals. This gave Han a great boost because they did not have to rely on other countries as much. Rome and Han shared the same social view of the male
Plutarch, for one, likes technology, but he simply shows his thinking on the use of well-designed roads, which could only be used by the elite anyways. Frontinus’s point of view is partial in that he himself is a water commissioner, who talks about the greatness of his aqueducts. Of course he would hold a positive attitude towards his own job, otherwise he would lose his job as a water commissioner. The two sources of information explaining views oppose to the use of technology seem to criticize men who embrace skilled occupations and endeavors. Documents 5
Essay on King Hsiao’s Reforms of Qin by Zak St Clair Qin became the dominant power in Feudal China through a range of reforms that were put in place by King Hsiao to give itself an advantage over other states. These reforms include the reformation of the state into districts, the introduction of meritocratic principles, general infrastructural improvements and additions and the introduction of steel weaponry. King Hsiao reformed the state into districts, known as hsien. These hsien were administered by an official who was appointed by and responsible to the king. This let King Hsiao have tighter control over the state and also helped him in keeping a close eye on the happenings of the state in an organized manner, leading to a decrease in crime and an easier implementation of laws, which is supported by Ssu-ma’s writings in the Shih Chi, “By the end of ten years the Qin people were acquiescent.
Deng Xiaoping established “four modernizations” to help improve China as a society. “Industry, agriculture, technology, and national defense” were areas that were lacking in support and influence in Chinese civilization. People were encouraged to work hard to benefit themselves and Chinese society. Mao Zedong was the leader for the Chinese Communist Party which wanted to consolidate the power base and heal the wounds of war for China. “The CCP’s long term goal was to construct a socialist society.
DBQ #1 I know that Han political leaders, such as Tu Shih, believed in helping citizens with labor efforts by implementing new agricultural technology but, Roman political leaders believed in hiring workers for work ethic over skill and believed in constructing paved roads that were high quality to promote trade and expansion. Document 3 states “Tu Shih loved the common people and wished to save their labor. He invented the water powered blowing-engine for casting agricultural implements allowing people to enjoy the benefit in little labor.” This clearly shows that Tu Shih, the governor of Nanyang, believes that by giving agriculturalists tools to help them become more efficient they will like him as a governor even more and create higher quality products because they will have more time to focus on creating goods. This supports my thesis that political leaders in the Han dynasty believed in helping citizens with labor and implementing new agricultural technology because it shows that even the highest in political rankings were producing ways to help everyday laborers and contributing to their economy. Document 6 states that Roman political elite Gaius Gracchus “Was especially anxious about road building, paying attention to utility as well as to that which was beneficial to grace and beauty.” This document says nothing about how workers were treated if they were paid, or even well maintained.
As technology vastly improved in Han and Roman empires, many people had different views on how it was affecting their empires. The Golden Ages of the Han and Roman brought many technological accomplishments, mostly to lessen the amount of labor to be used. From 20200 C.E., the Han and the Romans looked at technology in positive, such as the praise of waterways and aqueducts (3, 4, 6, 8), neutral, shown in the somewhat positive and somewhat negative view of the decline in tool making (1, 2), and negative ways, such as the view of craftsmanship being vulgar (2, 5, 7). In Han China and Rome, technology was an important part of the growth of both societies, this is why both civilizations had positive attitudes toward technology shown by their widespread use of new inventions and praise of impressive technological projects. (docs 3, 4, 6, 8).
Spenser Blake 09-10-12 Class: 6 The Han Dynasty vs. the Roman Empire: a comparison of their political, cultural, and economic issues. The Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty were two of the most powerful entities to rule their respective parts of the world. The Han Dynasty ruled over a large expanse of Asia, while the Roman Empire ruled over much of Europe. Although it looked as if these empires were going strong, they eventually fell due to many factors including political, cultural, and economic issues. These great empires’ falls were similar in many ways, and also different in numerous ways.
Also there were may things built to improve in the safety of the people. There are many similarities and differences between the pax romana of Rome and the Golden Age of Han China. Both dynasties had great inventions, China had built many monuments to help them while Rome did not build much to help them survive. Both the Han dynasty and ancient Rome went through their golden age. The Han dynasty went through their golden age around 600 C.E.