Hajj Essay

700 Words3 Pages
The word "Islam" means "being in peace by committing oneself to God” and to show commitment, Muslims perform certain religious duties, called the "Five Pillars" of Islam. They are the shahadah, salat, zakat, sawm, and hajj. Shahadah, declaration of faith, is the first pillar of faith in Islam. A Muslim's first duty is to declare and publicly confess that, “There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is His Messenger”, in arabic, without any reservations. This testament is the foundation for all other beliefs and practices in Islam. To become a Muslim, a non-Muslim must repeat the Shahadah three times in the presence of witnesses. This statement of faith must be a genuine belief that includes the articles of faith which are belief in One God (Allah), belief in the Prophets, the Holy Books, Angels, the Day of Judgement and belief in fate. The second pillar of faith in Islam is Salat which is the prayer. The Islamic belief is that all individuals have a direct relationship with god. Every Muslim is required to pray five times a day. The five prayers are Salat al-Fajr which is performed at dawn, Salat al-Zuhr at mid afternoon, Salat al-Asr said at late afternoon, Salat al-Maghrib at sunset, and Salat al-Isha performed at night-time. Prophet Muhammad said, “The first act that the slave (of Allah) will be accountable for on the day of judgement will be the prayer. If it is good, then the rest of his acts will be good. And if it is evil, then the rest of his acts will be evil.” Zakat, charity, is the third pillar. Social responsibility is considered part of one’s service to God. Zakat means “purification” and Muslims believe that such acts of charity can purify a wealthy man of greed. Every Muslim is obligated to pay a part of their wealth for the benefit of the poor and needy. Zakat is calculated as 2.5% of cash assets but Muslims may donate more in order to achieve

More about Hajj Essay

Open Document