Sandra Quinones HIS 103 World Civilizations I Instructor: Pamela Huckins Wednesday, August 01, 2012 There were many things that the Roman Empire had from ambition to lust and even murder. But the one thing that had set Rome apart from any other cities was its technology and engineering, and the technology that the Romans had achieved with the building of huge buildings, stadiums and roads and aqueducts made the Roman Empire one of the most power nations in the world. As early as 44 B.C when the most powerful roman of all was found dead on the senate floor murdered by his own people, Julius Cesar had engineered a rise to power that would never be challenged. The one thing that Julius Cesar wanted to do, that no other person had ever done
As such, only a monument in the Roman classical style would best honor him. Just like the Pantheon, the Jefferson Memorial contains an immense 129 foot dome. The dome of the Pantheon is slightly larger at 143 feet high. It is constructed of stepped rings of solid concrete with less and less density as lighter aggregate is used, diminishing in thickness at the edge of the oculus. Both structures have constructed the dome and drum carefully, with the diameter of the floor of the drum equaling the height of the dome, to ensure perfect balance and stability.
Ancient Greek architecture is a product of the Hellenic and the Hellenistic people. Ancient Greek architecture is best known for its temples, most of which are found in the region as ruins. Ancient Greek architecture is distinguished by its highly formalized characteristics, both of structure and decoration, particularly in the temples. Most often these temples are raised on the high grounds so that the beauty of the well illuminated structure can be enjoyed from a good distance away in all angles. Although limestone was available the building material primarily used was stone, especially high quality marble.
Chapter 9 ID Sigs Byzantine Empire- c. 330 – 1204 Greek-speaking continuation of the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Its capital city was Constantinople existed for nearly 1,125 years, and it’s one of the greatest empires of all time. Hagia Sophia- is a former Greek Orthodox patriarchal church Icons- religious work of art, most commonly a painting, from Eastern Christianity , the icon is generally a flat panel painting depicting a holy being or object such as Jesus, Mary, saints, angels, or the cross Rurik- c. 830 – c. 879 was a Varangian chieftain who gained control of Ladoga in 862, built the Holmgard settlement near Novgorod, and founded the Rurik Dynasty, which ruled Kievan Rus until the 17th century.
Rome sent Vespasian to suppress the revolt. Vespasi’s son, Titus was renowned for his military prowess and he took control of the besieging troops after his father became emperor. Jerusalem finally fell in 70AD and the revolt ended after the fall of the Massada fortress in 72AD. In 1822, Giuseppe Valadier dismantled and reconstructed the arch as directed by pope Pius VII (the seventh). Titus became the emperor of the Roman Empire in 79 AD.
Charlemagne, also known as Charles the Great, became the ruler of Western Europe, by his fierce battle tactics and his passion for Christianity. Charlemagne was born in 742 AD, to a very famous family. Charlemagne’s grandfather was Charles Martel, and Charlemagne was also the oldest son of Pepin the Short, the first king of the Franks. As Western Europe was falling apart, Charlemagne was crowned king of the Franks in 768 AD. Charlemagne defeated thousands of barbarians and kings during his time of power.
Here they knelt and swept the temple-floors with their disheveled hair and lifted up their hands to heaven in piteous entreaty to the gods that they would deliver the City of Rome out of the hands of the enemy.” Over the Hannibal Barca challenged the authority of the Roman Army more than anyone in all of history. There were several key factors that made Hannibal such a great general for Carthage, and subsequently such a difficult adversary for the Roman Army. To start, Hannibal was a tactical genius, and is sometimes even referred to as the “Father of Strategy” . In addition to tactical and strategic brilliance, once he had crossed the Alps Hannibal demonstrated the ability to rally much needed support and troops from different peoples inside of Italy. Finally, Hannibal was an amazing general who was able to masterfully organize, govern and lead a completely heterogeneous army, comprised of Africans, Spaniards, Celtic tribesmen, Gauls and mercenaries, and unite them in their collective fight against Rome.
In 122 A.D., Hadrian took a visit to the front lines where the emperor concluded that the only way to tame Brittania was to tame his own soldiers first. So, Hadrian took his advice, and disciplined his legions by putting them to work on the most ambitious project ever conceived by a Roman. A towering 73-mile defensive wall across the entire country, known as Hadrian’s Wall. The wall was 15 feet high, with parapets rising around 6 feet above his wall. The engineers positioned the wall so it ran along a cliff edge, and just above a drop to the north.
It is during this era that Malachi becomes a prophet and then the Jewish language, the Hebrew is being replaced by Aramaic in 390 BC. The Golden Age, had many great philosophers, but one of them, Socrates, was unfortunately condemned to death by the Athenian jury. Nonetheless, a new great philosopher is being born in 384 BC, Aristotle; and Plato writes his most famous book, The Republic, in 370 BC. The Persian empire has a defeat, by Alexander the Great, in 330 BC. Then a great accomplishment is being made by the Romans, when they build the first paved road, the “Appian Way” going from Rome to