Habituation Technique In Young Infants

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1. “The purpose of this paper is to use the habituation technique in young infants to evaluate one hypothesis derived from Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. I will compare 5-month olds in a task that involves possible and impossible outcomes. Piaget’s theory specifies the cognitive competencies of children of this age.” 1a. During the sensorimotor stage children experience the world through their senses and actions. Children are busy discovering the relationships between their bodies and the environment. For example, a lot of the time you see babies sticking a lot of objects in their mouths or playing with them. 1b. At an early stage of life young children lack object permanence, which is the awareness things continue to exist when not perceived. According to Piaget, infants don’t develop this until they are 6 months old because their minds are too fragile. As they mature, they gain develop this because little by little they learn and eventually build schemas or memories. 1c.They also develop stranger anxiety around the same age, 8 months, as they develop object permanence. Stranger anxiety is the fear of strangers that infants display. Both stranger anxiety and object permanence may emerge at the same time because kids are able to remember and build schemas. 1d. The rouge test is an method where test for self-recognition. The person testing this will put rouge make-up on an infant’s nose and then place them in front of a mirror. Then we study how the child reacts in front of it. A child will touch his or her nose around when object permanence emerges because they are able to recognize themselves and know that the red dot isn’t usually on their face. 2 “Habituation is a method that might be used to explore predictions of Piaget’s theory.” 2a.Habituation is a decrease in responding with repeated stimulation. At first something gets the
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