Gustav Klimt Essay

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Gustav Klimt
Gustav Klimt was an Austrian Symbolist painter during the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. Klimt was born on July 14, 1862 in Baumgartner, which is near Vienna in Austria. He was the eldest son of a Viennese gold engraver, Ernst Klimt, and a musician, Anna Klimt; consequently, he lived most of his childhood in poverty. Klimt’s use of gold and patterns in his paintings led to his legendary status and a change in symbolism throughout art in the future. The Art Nouveau movement led Klimt to explore with the theme of femme fatale in his work, using gold and symbols to create a sense of eroticism. Gustav use of gold and symbols in his paintings became known as his "golden phase," sparking positive responses from the art world.
Gustav Klimt was one of the greatest representatives of the Art Nouveau movement in Vienna. Art Nouveau was an international movement of many different styles of art—especially the decorative used most often by Klimt. According to Peter Vergo, a professor of art history and theory, Gustav is still "considered one of the greatest decorative painters of the 20th century." Perhaps Gustav’s title is due to the fact that in 1897, he was one of the founding members and first president of the Vienna Secession. As part of the secession, Klimt and his colleagues discussed traditional Viennese art such as historical themes, which was the most popular for the time. According to ArtAndCulture.com, the members of the Vienna Secession worked "to bring together Symbolists, creativity with use of gold and patterns in his paintings; hence, creating an exotic texture.” People started to notice his work of the femme fatale, which is a French phrase meaning fatal woman. Being part of the Vienna Secession helped Klimt develop his decorative woman. The decorative woman, or the femme fatale, was

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