1.1 Effective communication is paramount within my job role as team leader. Groups and individuals whom I must communicate affectively to, include; my clients, my team, volunteers, visitors, families and also external agencies. Communication is key to a successful business and with affective communication skills; one can gain trust and confidence within the working environment. It also enables me to advise and to further my knowledge. 1.2 Within my own job role I support effective communication on a daily basis.
In this essay there is an outline of some examples that have been examined and assessed to what extent they are of value to society. In chapter 3, ‘Learning through Watching’, the concept of violence and aggressive behaviour through social learning was explored. Different portrayals of violence through multi-media have to some degree affected behaviour within society. Psychologist Albert Bandura conducted his research in 1963 with Dorothea Ross and Sheila Ross, known as The Bandura et al. experiment (Oates, 2012, p109-111).
In the past social psychologist was on two separate sides of the fence when it came to social psychology. One group focused on social behavior and how an individual respond to others. The other group focused on cognition known as social thoughts and is how people used their common sense to understand one self as wells as others in society. Today both groups have agreed that in social psychology there is a connection between behavior and cognition. Social behavior is influence by social thoughts and in order for one
Big changes start small. The sociological perspective for this book is the Symbolic-Interaction Approach, which is a Micro-level analysis and asks core questions like, “How do behavior and meaning change from person to person and from one situation to another?” and, “How do people shape the reality they experience?”1 This is consistent with the theory the authors of Switch are trying to prove, which is if we can figure out how to motivate people to change through their interactions with others and the environment and by understanding what drives them, then we can effectively introduce and implement new ways to change. The information derived to prove this theory was obtained through many case studies, and the results were achieved through various surveys, experiments and observations, and by using sample populations, which is a smaller number of subjects selected to represent the entire population, as well as, independent and dependent variables. The book is divided in to three sections; the first section introduces the reader to the idea of “Direct the Rider”, the second introduces us to the concept of “Motivate the Elephant” and the third section addresses the final component, “Shape the Path”. “The Rider” is our intellect or conscious mind, “The Elephant”, is our feelings and our hearts’ desires, and “The Path”, is the environment.
Social Psychology and Multicultural Psychology Paper Define social psychology. With the mind being the axis in which social behavior pivots around, social psychologists will study what the relationship is between a person’s mind and their social behavior. Social psychology it will try to attempt to understand what the relationship is between the mind, social groups, and social behavior in three different ways. The first way would be that they try to understand how people’s thoughts, their feelings, and their behaviors, will be influenced by the actual presence, the imagined presence, or even the implied presence of other people. The second way would be to try to understand what the influence is on a person’s perception and on their behavior when it comes to the behavior of a social group.
An Essay on Group Dynamics This essay will use Gibbs’ (1988) Reflective Model (cited in Jasper, 2003, p.77) to reflect upon one specific aspect of group dynamics, while participating in problem-based learning (PBL), and will identify a particular event which occurred that demonstrates this. A discussion on theories of group dynamics will follow in order to seek possible explanations and gain further understanding of the group’s dynamics and personal team skills in relation to this event. Stage 1: Description of the event The particular aspect of group dynamics to be considered involves the formation of roles within the group and how this affected the group during the final trigger. Any names have been changed to maintain confidentiality. On the day of the final trigger we discovered that Sue our group leader had left the university.
Group dynamics is a system of behaviours that occurs between social groups. The main study of group dynamics is useful in understanding decision making behaviour. There has been many theories relating to group dynamics. Kurt Lewin( 1943, 1948, 1951) was the first one to study groups scientifically. He first used the term group dynamics to describe the way groups and individuals react in different circumstances.
The paper “Building Team Adaptive Capacity: The Roles of Sensegiving and Team Composition” presents an attempt to describe the mechanism through which reactive strategy adaptation is built in small teams. This study presents several hypotheses that explain relationships between factors that drive the formation of mental models and other behavioral adaptive mechanisms. Most of the hypotheses presented in the paper are interesting to discuss. For example, the authors propose that external sensegiving leads to more similar and accurate strategy mental models in the team and that team cognitive ability composition is positively related to the similarity and accuracy of team strategy mental models. In the simulation game, members of our team clearly possessed different mental models at the early stages of the game.
On a much smaller and more intimate setting, a family of two working to maintain a lifestyle fits the definition of a team. Educators from elementary school through university level have been making use of teams in way of assignments and experiments. I found it interesting it wasn’t until the 1990s the ‘team concept’ evolved, and an increasing number of businesses started making it a priority to work in teams to become cost effective and increase the quality of production. (Gustafson, Kim, Kleiner, Brian 1994). Many work places continue encourage working in teams, due to the efficiency and effective way problems can be solved and goals can be reached.
Argument Summary The argument that is being discussed is portrayed in two parts. The first part is from social psychologist Leon Festinger and James Carlsmith. These social psychologists believe that when a person’s attitude changes after they act in a way that contradicts the person’s “true or normal” attitude it is called cognitive dissonance. The second argument is by social psychologist Daryl Bem who believes that the self-perception a person has can explain the difference in how a person acts and their “true or normal” attitude. Cognition The way an individual thinks, the way he or she makes decisions, chooses how to behave, what to believe, or personal attitudes, is all cognitive processes.