The second way would be to try to understand what the influence is on a person’s perception and on their behavior when it comes to the behavior of a social group. The third and final way would be to try and to understand the different social groups as a behavioral entity and what if any are the relationships and what are the influences that one social group shall have on another social group. Furthermore social psychology is the study of the nature and of the causes of how a person behaves in a social matter. Describe the primary research strategies used in social psychology and give an example of each. The first would be descriptive research.
He first used the term group dynamics to describe the way groups and individuals react in different circumstances. Based on their feelings and emotions members of a group form a common perception. William Schutz(1958, 1966,) looked at group behaviour from the perspective of three dimensions and used the terms Inclusion, control and affection. This became the foundation for the theory of group behaviour that sees groups resolving issues in each of these stages before they move on or to develop to the next stage. Bruce Tuckman(1965) however proposed a four staged model for a group.
M3. Explain why conformity and obedience are important in the public services, with reference to research studies. Conformity and obedience are forms of social influence which strongly affect our behaviour is social situations, from following fashions and unwritten social norms which organise our behaviour, to committing immoral acts because we are commanded to by someone who appears to be in a position of authority. This essay looks at the similarities and differences between the three, looking specifically at the factors that influence each two. Conformity within a group entails members changing their attitudes and beliefs in order to match those of others within the group.
The case study has been used as a tool for natural and social sciences as well as psychological research. One type of case study is a “psychobiography” which means a researcher utilizes psychological theory to explain the life of an individual, usually an important historical figure. Reasons to Use Case studies can aid as being valuable for informing of conditions that are considered rare or unusual, thus providing unique data about psychological phenomenon like memory, social exchange, or language. Depending on the purpose, a case study may present an individual’s history, symptoms, characteristic behaviors, reactions to situations, or responses to treatment. Case studies are also useful for testing whether scientific theories and models
Running Head: Group Dynamics Group Dynamics Group dynamics is the social process by which people interact. Group dynamics form a basis for group therapy. Politicians and salesmen may make practical exploitations of principles of group dynamics for their own needs. Increasingly, group dynamics are becoming of particular interest because of online, social interaction made possible by the internet. Kurt Lewin is the founder of the movement to study groups scientifically.
The theory has been used to explain social phenomena such as ethnocentrism, ingroup favouritism, stereotyping, and conformity to ingroup norms. Social identification may in fact underpin some of these behaviours because social categorization can produce competitive intergroup behaviour. In the Kandinsky vs. Klee experiment the intergroup discrimination was observed by simply putting participants into groups by a preference for either Klee or Kandinsky. The experiment that was conducted by Cialdini et al. demonstrated how individual’s selfesteem is maintained by social comparison.
An Essay on Group Dynamics This essay will use Gibbs’ (1988) Reflective Model (cited in Jasper, 2003, p.77) to reflect upon one specific aspect of group dynamics, while participating in problem-based learning (PBL), and will identify a particular event which occurred that demonstrates this. A discussion on theories of group dynamics will follow in order to seek possible explanations and gain further understanding of the group’s dynamics and personal team skills in relation to this event. Stage 1: Description of the event The particular aspect of group dynamics to be considered involves the formation of roles within the group and how this affected the group during the final trigger. Any names have been changed to maintain confidentiality. On the day of the final trigger we discovered that Sue our group leader had left the university.
(McClelland) In functionalism, change is said to happen when pressure is put on individuals by social structures. This is what is known as a macro theory. Macro theories work from the society downward, the society forces the people to change, not the people change society. As a real world example of how functionalism is applied I will use elder abuse. When there is a problem such as elder abuse, a functionalist would say there is a dysfunction.
Reflection on Group process “The aim is for group process is for increasing knowledge and understanding about whatever is being studied.” (Cunningham, Marilynn, 1996, p.2). “Groups develop a number of dynamic processes that separate them from a random collection on individual. These processes include norms, roles, relations, development, need to belong, social influence, and effects on behaviour.” (Greenwood, Sallie, 2011. P.n.d). In this essay will discuss the things about myself being in the group, the responding to different ideas and opinions being presented in the group, my ideas challenged, understanding of group process and an awareness and way of being in the group impacted on the group process.
C. Define the major principles associated within this theory as they relate to the psychology of learning. D. Summarize how this theory makes use of prior experience in explaining how people learn E. Describe how this theory explains how permanent change in behavior takes place. F. Apply this theory to