Group Display As An Adaptive Response

639 Words3 Pages
Group Display as an Adaptive Response Essay 1. Describe in detail Lynch mobs- Myrdal claims that the key cause of lynching in the US was fear of the Negro, leading to white mobs turning to “lynch law” as a means of social control. Of all documented cases, three quarters were black. Patterson suggests that they were more active at this time because it was a period of social transition, after the collapse of the slavery, entire community felt at risk. Threat model based on Blalock’s power threat hypothesis, which states that groups that pose a threat to the majority are more likely to be discriminated against and be the subject of violent action. 2. Describe in detail Religious Rituals- Sosis 2004- believes that the natural costs of religious rituals are the major feature that contributes to the success of religion, natural selection favoured this development. Engaging in painful rituals, self flagellation, and an individual signals commitment to a group. So, this promotes cooperation within the group, Zahavi and Zahavi- the significant costs of these acts also serve as deterrents for anyone who doesn’t believe in the teachings of a particular group but wants to take advantage of its benefits. 3. Describe briefly xenophobia- mechanisms that prompt suspicion towards strangers- favoured by natural selection- Shaw and Wong. 4. Critical Point 1: The theory about lynch mobs being an adaptive response has strong evidence to support it. Boyd and Richerson found that groups in which cooperation thrived were also those that flourished. Therefore, this explains why, when a majority group is more at risk as a consequence of social change, individual self-interest would give way to “groupishness.” Consequently, proving this theory can be applied to real life examples. 5. Critical Point 2: However, there is difficulty testing the power threat model of

More about Group Display As An Adaptive Response

Open Document