Most babies are fine, or may just need to be watched for a while. If the baby does need some help, the midwife may just have to give him some oxygen or clear out his airways to help her breathe. Shortly afterwards, the midwife will weigh Chloe and measure the circumference of her head. These measurements will later be entered into the developmental charts in his Personal Child Health Record, or "Red Book", which the health visitor will give to the mother when the baby is about 10 days old. This will let her mother track her progress as she grows.
She was informed of an induction to deliver her baby as the standard operation procedure. The induction though risky to be done before week 39, was still necessary since the baby was not growing normally. However, the osmium did not dilate wide as expected and she did not feel much labor pain for a successful natural delivery. Later, at around 5pm of the same day, she managed to have a dilation of only 3cm and her membrane ruptured, and her amniotic fluid lost for 6 hours. When the fetal heart rate decreased (Bradycardia), fetal distress was noted, and an emergency caesarean was initiated.
Statistics and Pro’s and Con’s of Having a Designer Baby Related For around $12,400, a couple can use in vitro fertilization and choose whether to implant a male or female embryo in the mother's womb. Nearly 8 million babies are born every year with a birth defect. In this number, around 3.2 million of the infants grow up and live disabled. Furthermore, in the United States alone, birth defect statistics claim that these in-born abnormalities are the leading cause of infant mortality in America. Given this fact, many expectant parents are asking, “Where do these defects come from?” What are the common birth defects?
Temple Grandin Temple Grandin was born to parents Richard Grandin and Eustacia Cutler in Boston, Massachusetts, on August 29, 1947. At the age of 2, Grandin was diagnosed with autism, considered a form of brain damage at the time. Cutler, initially blamed by physicians for her daughter’s condition, worked tirelessly to find the best care and instruction for Grandin. Even though the doctor said to her mother to put her in a institution her mother and began to her treatments included extensive speech therapy, which helped to draw out and reinforce Grandin’s communicative abilities. Grandin began to speak at the age of 4.
This class of drugs, which includes Prozac, Zoloft and Paxil — the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors — increases levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin in the brain. The authors report that some exposed infants experience frequent crying, irritability, sleep disturbances and seizures, but the problem usually resolves itself within two weeks. The authors also note that the evidence does not suggest long-term harm from maternal use of antidepressants during pregnancy. They write: Several recent reviews have not identified adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes among infants born to women treated with SSRI’s during pregnancy. SSRI treatment should be continued at the lowest effective dose because withdrawal of medication may have harmful effects on the mother infant [bond].
According to Plutarch, Spartan women were encouraged to ‘exercise themselves with wrestling, running, throwing the quoit, and casting the dart, to the ende that the fruit they conceived might, in strong and healthy bodies, take firmer root and find better growth,…they, with this greater vigour, might be able to undergo the pains of childbearing’. Women in Sparta married at age 18-20 rather than at puberty as in other city-states. They were responsible for raising children in their early years before male children were surrendered to Agoge training at the age of seven. Mothers transmitted values to their children, encouraging obedience and courage rather than pandering to their fears and affections. Their role as mothers was highly valued as indicated by the marked graves afforded only to women who died in childbirth or warriors who died on the battlefield.
36 percent of women having elective C-sections scheduled their delivery before the recommended 39 weeks, making babies more likely to visit the intensive care unit, have infections and develop respiratory distress. Researchers say that elective C-sections are safest for the baby when done between 39 to 41 weeks of gestation and that women considering elective C-sections should wait until that point for the safest delivery. Though surgical know-how has grown with the increased use of C-sections, doctors say it is still important for women to weigh all possible risks against possible benefits when opting for the procedure. The Web site babycenter.com provides a physician panel-reviewed list of pros and cons of both vaginal birth and C-sections: Vaginal Birth Pros: Less risk of maternal hemorrhage, infection, blood clots, damage to internal organs Less risk of baby having specific respiratory problems (TTN and persistent pulmonary hypertension) Baby potentially less likely to develop allergies, asthma, or lactose intolerance Shorter hospital stay (one to three days) and quicker physical recuperation In later pregnancies, labor may be shorter and offer quicker delivery Mother may breast-feed more effectively Mother much less likely to require c-section in subsequent
The reason that the fetus depends entirely on the mother for obtaining oxygen and eliminating carbon dioxide is that the fetal lungs are either collapsed or partially filled with amniotic fluid. The production of surfactant begins by the end of the sixth month of development. Because the respiratory system is fairly well developed at least two months before birth, premature babies delivered at seven months are able to breathe and cry. After delivery, the baby’s supply of oxygen from the mother ceases, and any amniotic fluid in the fetal lungs is absorbed. Because carbon dioxide is no longer being removed, it builds up in the blood.
Instead, babies who are breast-fed have benefited from better conditions in the womb before birth. The professor, an expert in the hormonal changes of pregnancy, claimed: 'Baby formula is a good as breast milk. * Breastfeeding vs Formulafeeding The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends breast milk as the best nutrition for infants. Babies should be breastfed exclusively for the first six months, Mothers are encouraged to continue to breastfeed until baby is at least a year old. Formula feeding is also a
Other tests were done on the mothering effects of both monkeys and rats. In all of these tests, as the babies grew, they began to exhibit traits more similar to the adoptive mothers than those of the biological mothers (Knowlton, 2005). This shows the importance that the nurturing care of the mother has in shaping the wellbeing of her offspring. Nurturing does not refer only to a mother-child relationship. Neonatal nurse Rosemary Dalziell (2011) explains that in order for the mother of a new baby (especially a preemie), to be able to practice proper nurturing techniques, she needs to be properly nurtured by the nurses caring for herself and the baby.