Grendel Clash Between Good And Evil

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A Change The class between good and evil has been a prominent theme in literature. The Bible presents the conflict between good and evil in the story of Adam and Eve. Many authors use the scene in the Bible which the snake taunts and temps Adam and eve to take a bite of the apple of knowledge to demonstrate the frailty of humankind. John Gardner in the novel Grendel gives the reader an alternate opinion of the monster Grendel using literary devices and highlighting human philosophy. The story is told in the point of view of the monster Grendel, a bearlike creature. By focusing on the monster, the author elicits some sympathy for an otherwise thoroughly repulsive character who eats humans for pleasure. Allowing the point of view of Grendel instead of the omniscient narrator of the original poem, permits the reader to find the theme from a limited perspective. The reason that the Beowulf poet portrayed Grendel as being so evil is because the monster was completely outside of the culture of the time. Grendel had no hall, no lord, and he disobeyed the laws of warfare by attacking at night. For this, Grendel’s point of view is a little skewed for he has such a burning hatred for men that he murders and eats them. When hearing of Beowulf, he is the shining example of everything that Grendel hates. Over the course of the novel, the reader realizes how much Grendel acts like a human and how his train of thought is more rational than portrayed in Beowulf. This personification is shown throughout because of his complex thought patterns. After seeing the deer in the beginning of the novel, Grendel points out that killing cows is better than killing deer because they are easier to catch and contain more meat. At this point in the novel, Grendel is killing for a purpose and not just for the sake of killing. He seems especially human-like when he listens to the Shaper’s song.
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