(University of Minnesota College of Liberal Arts, 2010) The carving depicts St Gregory sitting writing with a dove perched on his shoulder. St Gregory was pope from 590 – 604 and wrote many of the doctrines and principles followed by the Catholic Church, these writing were thought to be inspired by God. “Almost all the leading principles of the later Catholicism are found, at any rate in germ, in Gregory the Great.” (Knight, 2009) The dove in the carving is intended to show that St Gregory’s writing are inspired by the Holy Spirit and therefore God. Doves are used throughout Christian art to depict many beliefs. In modern times the dove has many meanings, it can represent; the Holy Ghost, peace, and innocence.
Eastern Orthodoxy holds a lot of practices in relation with Catholicism, but is particularly distinguished by the vital role of icons: metaphorical images of Christ and the saints alleged to have provided a relationship to the spiritual world. The mainly significant Christian holiday is Easter, a spring celebration that commemorates
Gregorian chant | is set to sacred Latin texts. | | All answers are correct. | | was the official music of the Roman Catholic church for more than 1,000 years. | | retained some elements of the Jewish synagogue of the first centuries after Christ. | Gregorian chant is seldom heard today because | it is too old-fashioned for modern services.
St. Francis has influence the artwork of Giotto, the best-known naturalistic painter of his period. Many times Francis celebrated the action of divine grace in his life, which is the essential and beautiful of true sacrament. He feared that the pursuit of any sort of wealth would divert one from fulfilling the gospels ("Christmas Crib"). In the miracle of the crib at Greccio shows a mass celebrated the remembering of the birth of the Savior. Francis seems to be preaching at this Mass and his words were loving.
Earlier Historical Art Period Middle Ages art was largely commissioned by the Roman Catholic Church. The church used works of art to teach spiritual truths, aid in meditation, and convert non-Christians (MindEdge 3.12). Citizens of the Middle Ages sought structure in the world around them. There was a strict social hierarchy in place during these times in Europe. Works of art was usually anonymous, artists frequently did not sign the art pieces (MindEdge 3.12).
Charlemagne or Charles the great, Carolingian monarch. He was a very strong element in unifying Western Europe through the blessing of the church. Charlemagne Grandfather had partnership with the church during his period of time; he was the one who started the process to bring Western Europe together, in the belief that everyone should be Christian. Charlemagne father, Pepin the short contiutued this process thought the Western Europe and passed his beliefs on to Charlemagne. All three Carolingian monarchs wanted the church to reform, wanted to reorganize the church under the pope; all this would help raise their power as the Carolingian dynasty.
The Chapel of Charlemagne is considered a masterpiece of Carolingian architecture and is the best know surviving example of a Palatine Chapel. Figure 1.1 Palatine Chapel in the cathedral at Aachen, Ger. The central portion of the structure was built by Charlemagne, and the other sections were built later. Vanni/Art Resource, New York The Middle Ages art and architecture was divided into two periods Romanesque and Gothic. Building rooms such as the Abbey Church of Sainte-foy in France marked the Romanesque period shown here in figure 1.2.
When one partakes in a Catholic communion, one is accepting the body of Christ. The greatest conflict and difference between the Catholic and Protestant churches is the question of transubstantiation versus consubstantiation; the Catholics and early Protestants had distinctive and unique beliefs about what happened during communion. The Catholics believed that every mass led to the miracle of transubstantiation, and the bread and wine actually became the body and blood of Christ. The Protestants saw it as more of a symbolic action. The first phrase of Ave Verum Corpus means ‘Hail true body’, and for Byrd, the most important word wasn’t Ave or Corpus, but Verum, because the word ‘true’ emphasized he was in the true presence of Christ when participating in the Eucharist.
It had very little stained glass windows; unlike the windows that you would see in the Catholic Churches on the television. All Souls had nice greenery around the church to decorate it not to much but here and there, they also had banners hanging from the ceiling and a few on the wall. As I recall “The Order of Mass,” in which the Entrance Chant (a song), a woman did the Greeting then, shortly there -after was a Rite for the Blessing and Sprinkling of the Water. During this part of the service there were two deacons on the pulpit who did this ritual. The first deacon whom I assumed was the head deacon did the blessings and the other prayed.
One of the strongest influences that the Roman Catholic Church sustained was its major influence on schooling and education in the 1000s through the 1300s. In fact, by the twelfth century most curriculums were based on Latin writing, the official language of the Roman Catholic Church. Roman Catholic Church held its prayer in public gatherings, also called a liturgy, or other speech commonly known as Mass. Mass consists of readings from the Bible, preaching, and the Liturgy of the Eucharist, in which bread and wine are understood to become the body and blood of Christ and are eaten in Communion. The Eucharist is one of the seven sacraments of the church.