They both come from two different cultures and times but show many similarities in their overall symbolism and meaning. Each temple is a good example of Greek and Roman architecture respectively. One of the most notable differences between the two is their construction. While both illustrate geometric precision, they are stylistically different. The Parthenon a temple built for the Greek Goddess Athena the Maiden, best known as The Goddess of Wisdom; it is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece, generally considered the culmination of the development of the Doric order.
The rectangular temple, like the Parthenon, is the most well-known form of Greek public architecture. They used “post and lintel” type construction, which is composed of vertical and horizontal beams. The vertical members are called posts and the horizontal members are called lintels. Greek architecture uses three orders the Doric, Ionic and the Corinthian orders. The three orders of columns used so deliberately on different temples and structures depending on who the temple was being built for.
Finally, the location of each structure is relative to how they compare and contrast. The Parthenon in Greece and The Pantheon in Italy can be compared and contrasted in terms of design, materials used, function, and location. The Parthenon was built by the architects Itkinos and Kallikrates, as a temple generally of the Doric order. However, it also incorporates Ionic elements, such as the Ionic opisthinaos, a rear room of the temple, and the sculptural enrichment which was more recognizable in the Ionic order. The demensions are a base of 30.9m by 69.5m.
The Ancient Greeks continue to influence our lives today in three prominent ways: architecture, politics, and medicine. In present day, Western architecture owes a heavy debt to the classical styles of Ancient Greece. Ancient Greeks started building temples of worship to their gods at about 600 B.C. One defining feature in these temples was the distinctive column styles known as Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. These can be most easily defined and identified by each column’s capital.
This representations was first made by the Greeks, and like many other ideas, was then adopted and recreated by the Romans , that’s why it is called as a Roman copy of a Greek sculpture. Dimensions are somewhat larger than life-size (the statue's original height was 1.90 m). The statue is well designed which can be inferred from her hairs. I think the idea of a female nude sculpture was very much a shocking occurrence to me, and both the characters that is the dolphin and the child are some kind of representatives in the sculpture. The boy on the dolphin is Eros, that’s the reason the sculpture is named as Aphrodite with Eros on a Dolphin at her side.
It is the intention of this essay to discuss whether or how the classical columns influenced and invested in the architecture of Australia and use of its ornamentation invented in ancient Western world. The Stonehenge, a prehistoric monument located in Wiltshire, London is a good example that shows the use of post and lintel system in architecture. This is the basic ancient building system where posts had been used to support the lintels. It seems that Greeks have used the same method but in a more sophisticated manner. They developed have used featured pillars with various kinds of architectural decorations which is commonly replicated today as classical orders.
Miles Strome Visual Expressions in Society Prof. LeRonn Phillip Brooks, Ph.D. October 25, 2013 Comparing & Critiquing Roman Sculpture To the untrained eye it is easy to believe that Roman sculptures were virtual shadows of one another, differing only in their subject matters. But this is a common misconception and with closer analysis we can see that Roman art is in fact quite dynamic. Furthermore, looking at art from a specific time period and being able to extract, compare and contrast the subtle differences between pieces is a valuable skill. It allows us to retrace they’re evolutionary footsteps and possibly understand what the artists who created them were trying to express, granting us rare insight into days buried in antiquity, a better understanding of the origin of art and culture as a whole. Formal analysis of Roman sculpture is being able to describe what you see using conventional and subjective artistic terms.
Alex Perez Comparison and Contrast between Greek and Roman Cultures Greek and Roma civilizations were two famous societies that influenced many countries and cultures around the world. Until today, a few customs and ideals remain from their contributions to laws and society in general. Historically, Greece fell to the Romans. When they demolished them, still decided that they really liked Greek culture. So, Romans adopted many of Greek characteristics into their own culture, and individually developed it.
The traditional Greek account of creation given in Hesiod's Theogony and Works and Days bears remarkable similarities to the account of creation given in Genesis. One form of Mesopotamian myth about the world's beginnings, transformed by Israelite monotheism, appears in Genesis; another form, reshaped by Greek storytellers, appears in Hesiod. Given their common origin the similarities are not surprising; however even more interesting are the distinct views of the origins of the universe that each approach puts forth. In the Theogony, creation begins with Chaos and according to Genesis, "the earth was a formless void." However even though both stories begin the universe in an ambiguous formlessness, there are striking differences.
INFLUENCE OF GREEK AND EGYPIAN CULTURES: ART, ARCHITECTURE, RELIGION * Pompeii and Herculaneum were both Greek settlements * Herculaneum – the name itself is influenced by Greek’s Hercules * Greek influences can therefore be seen in their art, architecture and especially religion * Influences from Egypt came through trade * One of the greatest influences was through religion Art * Themes found in wall paintings include Greek mythology and gods * Paintings were often Greek originals * Statues copied Greek designs * Floor mosaics showed Egyptian influences e.g. the House of Faun has a mosaic of flora and fauna along the Nile River Architecture * Early buildings in Pompeii and Herculaneum were designed with Greek constructions * Features e.g. Greek peristyle garden were taken from a Greek design * Greek columns – Doric, Ionic, Corinthian were used in temples & other buildings * The Triangular Forum with its Doric Temple was of pure Greek origin * The theatres owe their designs to Greek originals * Remains of furniture appear to be based on Greek prototypes * Herculaeum has good examples of cupboards with a Greek design * The palaestra of Pompeii and Herculaneum are in the Hellenistic architectural tradition * A style of Greek architecture popular after the time of Alexander the Great Religion * The Greek gods and goddesses – Apollo, Hercules, Minerva, Dionysus, Hermes, Demeter were all worshiped at Pompeii and Herculaneum * Temples were built for this purpose * Dionysian themes were popular artistic decoration * The Egyptian goddess, Isis, was worshipped at Pompeii and Herculaneum by merchants, women, children, slaves, freedmen and soldiers along with officials * Some houses had garden shrines to Isis and statuettes of pharaohs and other Egyptian deities