Greek Philosophy Essay

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The Greeks’ innovation of philosophy resulted in their people’s departure from reliance on divine intervention and their transition into a period of relying on and appreciating the power of individual human beings, thus birthing the first democracy that empowered society and exemplified the individual (Cole, Coffin, Symes, Stacey 58). This innovation also affected the Greek people’s understandings of the relationship between individual and society within their lives in past, present, and future considerations. The culture of ancient Greece reflects the importance of the relationship between individual and society in many different ways, yet most importantly stressed the power of the individual in all fields. The Greeks utilized art, drama, and politics to express their beliefs in the value of one person in a society. The innovation of Greek philosophy began with the promotion of forward thinking. The philosophies of such Greeks as Plato, Aristotle, and Socrates helped shape Greek society in many ways. Plato valued the ability of all people, and believed that the ideal polis would be one in which every citizen would do their part according to his or her abilities, and there would be no distinguishing marks between the rich and the poor (Cole, Coffin, Symes, Stacey 86). Socrates also valued people in that he believed human beings and their environment were the essential subjects of philosophical inquiry, meaning that humans and their actions were extremely complex and hard to understand, so they were worth studying. He also believed that the conscience of an individual provided better morals then even the laws of the government (Cole, Coffin, Symes, Stacey 80). The last of the three major Greek philosophers, Aristotle, believed that god had no purpose, and therefore people were to depend upon themselves. This school of thought most exemplified the Greek societal

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