Greek Philosophy Essay

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“Where does everything come from?” Few people up until 500 BC attempted to answer this question until three men came along. The most famous Greek philosophers Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle all influenced the societies of their time, as well as modern western society afterwards. They revolutionized the way scholars and many people viewed the universe and everything in it. They did not follow or believe in the widely accepted religions of their time and they refused to take religious myths and gods to answer life’s most troubling questions. Although their philosophies did not totally agree with one another, they all attempted to answer questions about life. But these revolutionary thinkers didn’t just pop out of nowhere, before them were Sophists, and before them, pre Socratic philosophers. To better understand the philosophies of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle one must first look at the belief system of the Sophists. Then, a specific look at each philosopher’s method of thinking and belief system will be undertaken. Last, an analysis of each man’s importance in Greek society and affect upon modern life will occur. The pre-socratic philosophers started to think about, and question everything in the universe. Most pre-socratic philosophers hailed from the city of Miletus in Ionia and were quite different from scholars of that time. Their beliefs about how the universe came to be excluded all types of gods, mythical beasts and magic. They sought to find the explanation and order of life, the universe and everything from mathematics to physiology. By doing this, they thought that everything was made of one material, or Primary Substance. Thales thought it was water, others argued it was air or an un-named substance. These people were called “Matter Philosophers”. This might not sound so different in this day and age but back then this was fantastically different

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