Greek Architecture Essay

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Greek Architecture Greek architecture is the most recognized architecture in the world. It’s easily distinguished due to the highly formalized features. The Greeks were able to develop very advanced structures using posts and lintels, columns, and masonry. The most well-known Greek structures are their temples and also their theatres. Throughout the course of this paper, I will discuss these specific structural elements along with the main structures constructed by the Greeks. The post and lintel system is a system the Greeks used during construction as support for the roof. This system includes three members. Two of which stand vertically, the posts, to support the lintel which is placed on top horizontally. This was a very common structural element and you can see this throughout all Greek architecture. A well-known structure displaying the post and lintel system is the Lion Gate located in Mycenae. Columns were an essential element in Greek architecture. They not only provided structural support, but also architectural detail. The three types of columns the Greek used were Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. Doric order is the simplest of the three types. It is characterized by a fluted column with plain saucer shaped capitals and no base. Unlike the Doric columns, Ionic columns have a base and are usually more slender. They are also more ornate and contain a scroll shaped embellishment on the capital. Lastly, we have Corinthian. Corinthian columns relate mostly to Ionic columns, however, they are much more elaborate. They have a base and the capital contains extravagant embellishments made to resemble flowers and leaves. Masonry was very important in Greek architecture. Masonry walls have been used from 600 BC and on. Every temple rested on a masonry base called the crepidoma, generally of three steps, of which the upper one which carried the columns

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