Greek Architecture Essay

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One simply needs to go to downtown Providence to see the lasting influence of Ancient Greek architecture and technology on today’s society. It may not be evident; however, that each element of this architecture had a specific purpose relevant to the time period from which it was derived. Without a doubt, in both Ancient Greek architecture and technology, form truly does follow function. The form and function of Ancient Greek architecture and technology were influenced by the tools and materials available, as well as the political and cultural influences from the Dark Ages through the Hellenistic Period leading to the Doric, Ionic and Corinthian orders. As in any time-frame, and any civilization, the technology, tools, methods, available materials and the culture of a society greatly impacted their architecture, from basic homes to grand temples meant for worship. In Ancient Greece, the mainly used raw materials included wood, both baked and unbaked brick (clay and terracotta), stones like limestone and marble, as well as metals, primarily bronze, for which the culture and time period is known. Wood, as today, was mainly used for supports and beams for buildings, and frequently for medium sized structures, as the poorer used more clay, and the richer part of society used stone and marble for their exceedingly large structures. Unbaked bricks were normally used for walls, often in private homes, and terracotta for roof tiles and architectural ornaments on the outside of the building. Both limestone and marble were used for columns, walls, and the upper parts of temples, providing strong structure with little maintenance, perfect for difficult to reach places, such as the roof of a temple. Throughout the Archaic and Classical periods, the materials used and building types were fixed for specific purposes, either religious, civic, domestic, recreational, or

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