Although limestone was available the building material primarily used was stone, especially high quality marble. There was an abundance of marble both on the main lands and the islands of Greece. Marble was a major contributor of precision of details in the architecture of the ancient Greek. The ancient Greeks developed temple architecture over time. The rectangular temple, like the Parthenon, is the most well-known form of Greek public architecture.
The Classical period stretched from 600 BCE to 350 CE and centered in Greece and Rome. The philosophy and refinement of these societies has influenced the course of Western thought to the modern day. The artwork of this time has come to represent not just a structure and taste in design, but a way of life that remains a part of Western life. The civilization of Ancient Greece was centered on religious practice. In most Greek city-states the most powerful individual was the high priest or priestess of the city’s patron deity.
The Roman Empire has developed largely influential arts mainly expressed in sculpture and paintings, mosaic works and architectural designs. The influence of tools and technology in this civilization art was mainly seen in sculpture, architecture, and visual arts. The Roman Empire developed most advanced set of technology of their time specifically with the civil engineering and construction materials which mostly were influenced by Etruscan civilization and some from Greek civilization. The flourishing gold during that period was made used in many of their metal works which were used as materials for architectural design creations. Marbles were artistically used in building constructions.
Jade Savage Mrs. Crabtree April 15, 2012 Art Appreciation Class Cameron University Formal Art Analysis The Greek Sculptor Polykleitos And His Creation “The Doryphoros” This formal art analysis is for the Art Department of Cameron University. I am a student of Mrs. Crabtree of the Duncan branch, Cameron University. Polykleitos was an ancient Greek sculptor practicing his art in the mid to late 5th century B.C. Polykleitos’ work has been admired throughout history for its beauty, proportion, form and he is considered to be one of the greatest sculptors in the classical art world. The two things Polykleitos paid attention the most in his work was composition (the “the Contrapposto”) and proportion (“the Canon”).
The Parthenon vs. The Pantheon The Parthenon and Pantheon are both significant and creative structures that have great importance during their respective times. Perikles commissioned the architects Iktinos and Kallikrates to design the Parthenon in 447 BCE in the Acropolis of Athens in Greece. Although the Pantheon was designed and constructed entirely during the reign of the emperor Hadrian, the inscriptions states that It was built by Emperor Marcus Agrippa around 27 – 25 BCE in Rome. They both come from two different cultures and times but show many similarities in their overall symbolism and meaning.
Finally, the location of each structure is relative to how they compare and contrast. The Parthenon in Greece and The Pantheon in Italy can be compared and contrasted in terms of design, materials used, function, and location. The Parthenon was built by the architects Itkinos and Kallikrates, as a temple generally of the Doric order. However, it also incorporates Ionic elements, such as the Ionic opisthinaos, a rear room of the temple, and the sculptural enrichment which was more recognizable in the Ionic order. The demensions are a base of 30.9m by 69.5m.
06/11/12 4047AR | |   History and Theory 1 | The interiors of the Minoan palaces were highly decorated and colourful affairs. Briefly describe the decorative schemes employed in the major Minoan settlements | This is essay is about the decorative schemes employed in the major Minoan settlements. The Minoans were mainly business people engaged in overseas trade. Their culture, from 1700 BC onward, shows a high degree of organisation. Many historians and archaeologists believe that the Minoans were involved in the Bronze Age's important tin trade, tin alloyed copper apparently from Cyprus, was used to make bronze, Minoan trade in saffron too.
They developed have used featured pillars with various kinds of architectural decorations which is commonly replicated today as classical orders. They introduced three main types of classical orders called Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. The Romans later adapted the Greek orders and developed two more classical orders called Tuscan and Composite. In Australia, it can be seen that there are more than one dominant classical styles of architecture. These styles are replicas of ancient inventions and would have been adapted to suit the local conditions and the materials by slightly
This paper compares ancient Egyptian art with ancient Greek art and considers the ways in which the Greeks were influenced by Egyptian art. Egypt established a long and enduring artistic tradition. Greek art drew heavily on that background, using many of the same kinds of subjects and incorporating many similar symbols, but then reinterpreted them through very different eyes and a strikingly different cultural perception. Both visions continue to have a profound impact on artists in modern cultures, from their representation of everyday life to the varied perceptions of the importance and meaning life in general. Catharine Roehrig, Egyptian Art Curator for The Metropolitan Museum of Art, observes, "Egypt's Old Kingdom (Dynasties 3-6, ca.