Short Essay #3 – What effect did the establishment of a Greek trading colony in Naukratis, Egypt in the 7th century BCE have on early Greek art and architecture? Discuss the ideas, motifs, conventions, and skills the Greeks borrowed from Egypt and the Near East, using a minimum of three specific examples of art and architecture to support your analysis discussion.
The founding of the Greek trading colony of Naukratis in Egypt before 630 BC brought the Greeks into direct contact with the monumental stone architecture of the Egyptians. Soon after Greek builders began to erect the first stone edifices since the fall of the Mycenaean kingdoms. (Text book) The correct format for the citation is (Kleiner, pg.#).
Indeed, so many motifs borrowed from or inspired by Egyptian and Mesopotamian art entered the Greek pictorial vocabulary at this time that art historians have dubbed the seventh century BC, the Orientalizing period.
An elaborate Corinthian amphora (fig. 5-5), or two-handled storage jar, typifies the new Greek fascination with the Orient. In a series of bands recalling the organization of Geometric painted vases, animals such as the native boar appear beside exotic lions and panthers and composite creatures inspired by Eastern monsters such as the sphinx and lamassu—in this instance the siren (part bird, part woman) prominently polychrome overlay proved to be irresistible, and Athenian painters soon copied the technique the Corinthians pioneered. Citation required here for information you are paraphrasing
According to the First-century BC Greek historian Diodorus Siculus, Daedalus used the same compositional patterns for his statues as the Egyptians used for their own. The earliest surviving truly monumental stone statues of the Greeks do, in fact, follow very closely the standard Egyptian format. One of the earliest Greek examples of life-size