Starting in the third century BCE, the ancient Chinese people began building fortifications around their borders to keep enemies out. These structures, over time, were joined together to form the series of structures we now know as the Great Wall of China. Stretching over 5,500 miles in total, the Great Wall stands as a reminder of the achievement and military prowess of ancient China and is recognized by the United Nations as a World Heritage Site. (UNESCO) Prior to the existence of the Great Wall as we know it, many smaller ancient fortifications existed in its place, having been built around the third century BCE along the northern border of the Chinese territory as protection from invading nomadic groups. The main portion of the wall as we know it was started by the Ming emperors starting in the 14th century CE.
In subsequent centuries new empires rose and fell in many parts of the globe, while the nature of civilisation underwent successive changes. Despite many vicissitudes, however, China continued to endure as a political entity , and in our own times it has once again surged to the forefront of the international affairs. 2. Political system is one of the pillar on which national power potential is based. In this paper an effort is made to study the Chinese political system and the reforms made after the Cultural Revolution.
Even if there have been several influential predominant cultures that penetrated and conquered the leadership throughout the centuries (namely Mongolian and Manchurian cultures, Buddhism and also partially Islamism). In Modern Era the idea of a collective Chinese identity has focused on the basis that Chinese population is composed for the great majority by people belonging to Han cultural and ethnic group. Since the end of the Empire and the foundation of the Chinese Nationalist Republic in 1911, and throughout the process that led to the creation of People’s Republic of China in 1949 until the very present day, Chinese rulers had made a strong effort to legitimate their power, creating a new modern Chinese identity that could be shared by the multitude of different ethnic, cultural and religious identities scattered all around the immense territories that we now call China. From the start of the modernization process it has been a central question for the intellectuals of the beginning of the century to determine what must be preserved and what should be abandoned in the traditional
Since then, Hong Kong emerged as an important entrepot by the early twentieth century. The location as an entrepot prompted merchants to invest in industries relating to entrepot trade, including banking, insurance and shipbuilding. The government also spent more on infrastructure, including transport and communication systems, to support trading activities. Shanghai Similar to Hong Kong, Shanghai’s location has been influenced by Western colonialism and it was designated as a treaty port in 1842 (Abbas, 2000). The city then gradually developed into the leading industrial and commercial centre in the national economy by 1920.
It represents a Chinese way of worship, their respect of deities and piety. This paper addresses the architectural design of the temple of heaven and takes a look at when it was built, its significance and so forth. In addition, it evaluates the similarities of Temple of Heaven with Stonehenge The Temple of Heaven, Tian Tan, was built in the 15th century during the Ming Dynasty. It was built in Beijing, China and strategically located at the outermost part of the city close to the Forbidden City. The famous temple is well decorated in gold having red walls.
Assignment 2: Ancient Chinese Contributions HUM 111 − World Cultures I Ancient Chinese Contributions Throughout our human history many ancient cultures have contributed to our advancements today. One of these amazing ancient cultures is the Chinese. Gunpowder invented during 9th century by Chinese alchemists. The compass invented during the Song Dynasty. Paper was invented during the Han Dynasty.
Confucianism is an influential philosophical and teaching system that originated in China. The influence of Confucianism, however, goes beyond China and reaches the border of many East Asian countries, namely Japan, Korea and Vietnam. Among all the characteristics of Confucianism, the fact that its influence can cast a shadow upon different countries and that we can still see the features of Confucianism in modern-day society, 2400 years after the death of Confucius, are the most impressive. This paper aims to elaborate more deeply about the regional impact of Confucianism as well as how it still plays a big role in modern Chinese society. Japan adopted Confucianism in the 6th century (Ping & Lili, 2010), and it has developed in Japan since then.
For example, there was no way ancient Chinese could have survived without really believe in collectivism and being cooperative with others. There were 3 stages in the development of the collectivism in China. The first stage was the patriarchal collectivism, and then it was the national collectivism. And the final stage of collectivism in China was the social collectivism. In the ancient time, about 10000 B.C.