Great Plains Indian Culture Essay

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The Great Plains Indians went through many changes in their lifestyle throughout their existence. Before their lives were dramatically changed from the westward movement, the horse was introduced into the region by the Spanish in the eighteenth century. Many of the tribes moved out to the Great Plains to take advantage of the horse. They would trade some of their goods for these new creatures, which gave them a huge advantage. Now they were able to cover more ground faster in pursuit of big game, especially the bison. With the horse being introduce some of the well know tribes of the nineteenth century emerged: the Cheyenne, Comanche, Crow, Kiowa, and Sioux. As the tribes grew in size so did the constant battles over territories and hunting…show more content…
The United States’ army was able to combat with the fast reload time of the Indians’ bow and arrows with, “the introduction of the colt six-shooter and the repeating rifle” (Digital History). Also, the United States had another huge advantage once they figured out a new military tactic called winter campaigning, which aimed attacks to take advantage of the Plains Indians at venerable times. The new tactic was to attack the Plains Indians during the winter when they were divided into small bands. The reason this new tactic was effective was because the Indians’ food supply was scare. Their biggest food supply was the buffalo. The animals provided the Indians with basic necessities. The necessities were food, clothing, shelter, and weapons. The reason the buffalo became scare was “after the Civil War, the herds were cut down by professional hunters, who shot 100 an hour to feed railroad workers, and by wealthy easterners who killed them for sport” (Digital History). This inability to locate the big game was very detrimental to the Indians especially during the winters, when they needed them the most. With all the disadvantages the Native Americans had to face while fighting the United States ultimately weaken their ability to fight and protect their land, which lead to their

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