The Tariff placed high taxes on imports leading to a decline in international trade. The United States held many loans with European countries that began to default. Reduction in international market spending in the US, coupled with the high tariffs placed on foreign countries led to unemployment abroad and foreign countries were forced to impose their own tariffs on other countries (Kelly, n.d.). The Great Depression was perhaps most devastating to the individual and family. The Depression was recorded to have decreased the marriage rate which helped lead to a decline in the birth rate.
The Great Depression was triggered by a sudden, total collapse in the stock market. This day, October 29, 1929, came to be known as Black Tuesday. There were many probable causes of this devastating time, such as massive bank failures, and the stock market crash. Others, such as economists, such as Peter Termin and Barry Eichengreen, believe the blame lies on Britain’s decision to return to the Gold Standard. According to many sources, recession cycles are a normal phenomenon.
The Great Depression was a severe period of poverty and tragedy. It effected many other countries not just America; especially in Europe, where many countries had not fully recovered from the aftermath of World War I. The cost of World War I weakened the ability of the world to respond to a major crisis. America alone had ten billon dollars of debt from the war. In Germany America’s economic failure contributed to the rise of Adolf Hiltler, so the Stock Market Crash had a domino effect on our country and others.
Other major causes and symptoms of such a severe economic crisis were the quantities of gold stockpiled by particular countries, large number of banks failing during the 1930s, the reduction in money spent by people and huge international trade barriers placed by governments. During this period it is estimated that international trade reduced by as much as 33% because of various factors. Even though the mentioning of the Great Depression indicates and is connected mostly with the USA it was a global event and a global economic depression. Every nation was in some way affected by the Great Depression, some more, some less, but it is considered that China’s silver standard contributed to making this country almost completely avoid the Great Depression. Countries in Europe experienced the depression differently and tried to fight it off differently.
The crisis also caused a decline in exports and productions as the demand for exports collapsed and the world trade slumped for Germany. This also concluded in huge unemployment and lowering wages. The result of the German industry was they could no longer pay it’s way. Without over sea’s loads and with its export trade falling bankruptcies increased dramatically. This couldn’t have come at a better time for the Nazi’s as because of this crisis the decline in support of the Weimar Republic decreased with the lack of confidence and underlying economic problems within Germany, he
In these winter months there were signs of the country’s morale and unity breaking, it was not helped when Germany was hit with an influenza epidemic, wiping out 20-40 million, the resistance to the disease was lowered due to decline in living conditions. Inflation was also a problem facing Germany after the war, the people were forced to work longer hours, but wages still fell below the inflation rate. As a result of these effects social discontent grew, and anger was expressed at sharks of the industry who appeared to be making money from the war. The
Then finally on October 29,1929th the stock market crashed, because no one was buying and this directly led to the Great Depression. After the Stock market crashed not even 2 months later, the stock holders had lost more than forty billion dollars. Though the market had once again began to come of its losses back by the end of 1930, it was not enough and America entered what we now know as The Great Depression. After the stock market
In economics, a depression is a sustained, long-term downturn in economic activity in one or more economies. It is caused by a multitude of factors including the breakdown of the market, bankruptcy, high/ hyper inflation or factors such as high unemployment. They are considered bad for an economy because of the large scale effects and problems which it causes. Economically if a market breaks down then all sectors of society are hit. It makes the standard of living for the masses suffer.
Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Success of His New Deal The American economy started weakening by the middle of the1920s. However, over investment and speculating in stocks inflated their prices that contributed to the delusion of a robust economy. Since stocks were the hottest commodity to invest in, people borrowed money and used their stocks as collateral to the banks.The Great Depression was considered started on Black Thursday October 24th, 1929 when the New York Stock Exchange collapsed in the greatest market crash with the Dow closed at 316.38, and the plunge continued until the Dow reached its low of 41.22 in 1932. When the stocks values dropped, people were not able to pay for their debts while the banks just held worthless collaterals. Many banks declared bankruptcies because they could not get back their money from stock investors.
The country was faced with huge losses in manpower and economic destruction after the war, despite being one of the victors. The country was mourning the loss of an entire young male generation. With the onset of the Great Depression, the French people felt the democratic system had failed them and so they looked to extremist organisations to lead them. As the international situation was worsening, it became clear that the instability in France from 1920 to 1940 meant the nation was divided, depressed and in danger of being captured by the Germans in 1940. Immediately after the First World War, there was a period of political instability with the election of four different Prime Ministers in three years.