A concentration camp in the Holocaust was something more like a torture chamber for everyone involved. Auschwitz was considered one of the largest concentration camps and was responsible for many lives. In, The Grey Zone, a Jewish doctor and a group of Jewish men known as the “Sonderkommando” found themselves in a moral grey zone. There were many people in this time who may have found themselves confused and at a loss of what to do, especially those directly involved, like the Sonderkommando. Not much can be compared to what those people felt, but there are some similar instances of compromised morality, like that of the sewer worker in Kristine Keren’s story, “The Hidden Children,” where he wanted to help but all that he could do was hide families in a disgusting disease ridden sewer.
The three phases--the period following admission to the camps, the period of entrenchment, and the period following release--all presented unique challenges. Even the period following liberation saw survivors lusting for vengeance, or seeing no meaning to their lives when their entire families had been murdered. But many inmates could not retain their belief in life's meaning under the dehumanizing conditions within the death camps. Frankl describes how it was apparent when an individual had given up hope: they would refuse to leave bed to report for duty, and would often retrieve a long-hidden cigarette for a last furtive pleasure before their
Survivors include people from Israel, the ghettos, and the camps and although their situations were very similar in some ways, the psychological affects from the aftermath of their experiences differ. The vast number of prisoners from various nationalities and religions in the camps made such differences inevitable. Many contrasting opinions have been published about the victims and survivors of the Holocaust based on the writers' different cultural backgrounds, personal experiences, and intellectual traditions. Therefore, the opinions of authors from such books and entries on human behavior and survival in the concentration camps in Nazi-occupied Europe are very diverse. The Survivors of the Holocaust: General Survey Because the trauma of the Holocaust was both individual and collective, most individuals made efforts to create a “new family” to replace the nuclear family that had been lost.
Abree Agosto The Dehumanization in Night by Elie Wiesel On page 37, as Elie Wiesel describes what happened to him and his father upon arrival at Birkenau, Wiesel asserts: " within a few seconds, we had ceased to be men". In his book night there are many examples of the dehumanization of the Jews while they were in these concentration camps. In the book Wiesel uses a lot of similes and metaphors. The dehumanization of the Jews also served well for the guard because it gave them no reason to fight. When Wiesel arrives at the first camp (Birkenau) he states that “within a few seconds, we had ceased to be men”.
Institutional aggression is thought to be caused by situational forces which are factors present in social situations which can collectively encourage aggressive and anti-social behaviour that would otherwise not be seen. Zimbardo applied this theory to the Iraq prison atrocities in Abu Gharib where prisoners of war were subjected to degrading and dehumanising treatments from US prison guards. He claimed that three main situational forces caused the guards to behave in such a way: status and power; revenge; and deindividuation. As the soldiers were the ‘bottom of the barrel’ army reserves on a night shift, they had little power and even had to take orders from civilians so their aggressive behaviour may have been an attempt to demonstrate some control over inferior people. This explains why not all guards behaved in such a manner.
These are questions I encountered along my journey in the EPQ as I not only had to delve into the justifications of torture, but also the psychological trauma the victim goes through and also the individual carrying out the torture. For this, I used the case of Abu Ghraib; a prison situated 32 km west of Iraq, Baghdad. An infamous case as not only did I examine the heinous acts that were brought upon the prisoners but also absorb other individual’s opinions on this case and what they felt about it. To begin, I had to define torture and what it actually is. Defining torture is somewhat difficult as there is no concrete definition on what torture actually is.
The way they dealt with the dilemma of following the German orders and of keeping order within the ghetto, led them to be seen as collaborators to the Nazis, yet they were responding instinctively to prolong their lives as much as any other Jew. There is a plethora of Holocaust writing and personal memoirs which give many different views on this debate but there are three areas that I feel are the most relevant, so this paper will look firstly at how the Jurderat were criticised for being power hungry and therefore willing collaborators; it then looks at the people who chose not to become part of the Judenrat, and their fate, to highlight why many agreed to being members; and finally looks at the psychological impact of the Judenrat position and how they really had no choice, especially moral choices in the decisions they made. The Nazis were indiscriminate in their hatred for the Jews, no matter what position they held in the ghetto, ultimately the trains were waiting to take them all. A
The thievery done by the Gypsies is what made the non-Gypsies judge them and not like them. So, because of this, Gypsies have been targets for a variety of maltreatment (Pottanat 1). When the Holocaust came about, Gypsies were persecuted severely and Hitler’s treatment of them was very harsh. In the years that led up to Hitler taking office of Third Reich, the Germans began passing laws and putting limitations on Gypsies. In 1926, Germany had begun placing severe limitations on Gypsies to watch their actions and to make sure they weren’t getting into any trouble.
In the Holocaust memoir, Night, by Elie Wiesel, he demonstrates how individuals who suffered the Holocaust were forced to make decisions that were greatly influenced by the interplay between fear and foresight. This is shown throughout Wiesel’s horrifying journey of the Holocaust in which fear and foresight intensified the consequences of one’s choices. The denial caused by fear of the unknown impeded the people of Sighet from leaving their town. Fear and foresight also force Eliezer try to keep his gold crown, and to leave on the indefinite death march. When individuals are attempting to make decisions in the face of a life altering situation, the lack of foresight may instill emotions of fear.
Is it ethical to use experimental clinical data collected by the Nazis? During World War II, terrifying crimes were committed against the innocent Jewish community by a group of hate-filled German organization who called themselves Nazis. These crimes ranged from executions to a slow, torturous agony which brought about the Nazi medical experimentation. Throughout the years, the Nazi medical experimentation has been a main controversy in today's advancement in the medical field. This has been a main controversy because so many people suffered without giving their consent to let the doctors and scientists conduct these experiments in the name of science.