Gray Wolf Essay

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On May 11, 1858, Minnesota became the 32nd state to join the United States of America (Minnesota). Early on, the state was filled with vast resources and an abundance of wildlife. Most of the wildlife, such as deer, elk and moose, contributed to the settler’s diet. Natural predators created competition and hardships for the new settlers; one of these animals was the Gray Wolf. The decrease in the amount of large mammals that the settlers consumed left wolves’ preying on cattle. The Greek name for the Gray Wolf is Canis lupus. Its range at one time consisted of Eastern Europe, Western Asia, Northern Africa and North America, but their numbers are only a fraction of what they once were (McLendon). Almost every one of the lower forty-eight states had gray wolves inhabiting it, but they have been pushed to the brink of extinction by ranchers that found the wolves problematic. Some of these actions were unregulated hunting and government-sponsored poisoning. The only place you could find a Gray Wolf in the 1960s was small pockets in Minnesota and a few areas in Michigan. Traditionally, the Gray Wolf has dark fur around their eyes and along their backs. The rest of their body is covered in white fur, but they can also be all black or pure white to blend into the northern environment where the Grey Wolf has flourished. In the 1970’s, the Green Revolution was started and the endangered species list “ESL” was founded. The Gray Wolf was placed on the ESL in 1974 and remains there today despite recent controversy. [Introduction] [Viewpoints 1] Areas in black are Gray Wolf ranges today. Areas in black are Gray Wolf ranges today. Minnesota has attempted to delist the Gray Wolf two times before without success. The Gray Wolf in Minnesota has bounced back from near extinction and has numbers around three thousand, which is nearly double the 1600 population limit

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