Abdul Gadoush Period 2 Chemistry Honors 1-16-14 Metal Gizmo 1. Purpose/Problem: The whole purpose to this experiment was to identify which metal of the following: Copper, Magnesium or zinc had the most occurring reactions in the constant chemicals that they were inserted in. The metal that had the least amount of reactions in each chemical would be the least reactant, and the metal that had the most occurring reactions in the chemical would be the most reactant. For this process to occur (make metal gizmos), Naugatuck Metal Works needs one highly reactive metal and another that isn't a reactive metal. - signs of chemical change = changes the shape and color, creates a gas, distributes heat, Etc.
The purpose of the lab was to determine which reactant was the limiting reactant, and to see how much of the other reactant was used. The true molarity of a compound can be defined as the amount of moles per liter of that substance. The equation of this single displacement chemical reaction done during this lab is 2Al(s) + 3CuCl(aq) → 3Cu (s) + 2AlCl2 (aq). In the reaction, the solid Aluminum replaces the Copper in Copper (II) Chloride to produce solid copper, and Aluminum Chloride. In order to find which reactant is the limiting reactant, an equation based on the molarity of the Copper (II) Chloride may be used, or the products of the reaction may be observed.
Then the leach solution is purified by separating the waste from the desired materials. The final step is precipitating the metal, or one of its pure compounds from the leach solution by chemical or electrolytic means. This lab is focused on determining whether an unknown sample is chromite or not. Chromite contains magnesium, iron, and chromium, and it must be determined if the sample contains each of these metals. In order to do that, each metal must be extracted separately.
We resulted that lead, silver, and copper are the strongest oxidizing agents, and that magnesium and zinc are the weak oxidizing agents. The strong oxidizing agent oxidized the weak oxidizing agent and in turn the strong oxidizing agent got reduced while oxidizing the weak agent. When a reaction occurred, the solid metal reduced the ion, and in turn made it the more reactive metal. In part two we used a solvent extraction technique to derive an activity series for the halogens. With the use of this technique we placed chlorine, bromine, and iodine into solutions containing chloride, bromide, and iodide.
In order to find the equivalent weight a titration of the unknown acid had to be conducted. Equivalent weight is the weight of the substance in grams divided by the average molarity of the sodium hydroxide solution times the volume from the titration in liters. If the molarity of your sodium hydroxide solution were too low then the equivalent weight would be off significantly. In order to calculate a decent molarity a short series of titrating was conducted using KHP. Find the molarity is essential to numerous amounts of future procedures such as equivalent weigh.
What are the identities of the substances found after electrolysis and heating? The identities of the substances found were Iodine, Iodide ion (I-), Triodide ion(I3-), Zinc metal and Zinc ion(Zn2+) Post Lab questions: 1. What did this experiment convincingly show about the composition of the white solid? I put that the experiment showed us the white substance was comprised of Zinc ions and iodide ions, and that the two ions and be separated back into their respective elements 2. During the electrolysis, a gray solid formed on the negative wire of the battery and the dark red solution formed at the positive wire of the batter.
Theoretically speaking, if we use one granule of zinc and one granule of iodine opposed to one granule of Barium Iodide and one granule of Zinc Sulfate, the cost would be $.2123 in total for the elemental reaction and $.9265 for the double replacement reaction. In terms of safety, it is safe to say that the safer thing would be centrifuging since we are
Alex Evans Sanders Dellinger Ryan Shockney Rashaad Williams October 18, 2010 Experiment 29 Procedure Proposal In this experiment, the experimenter will be given a one gram sample of Chromite. Chromite is defined as an Iron Magnesium Chromium Oxide. The objective of this lab is for the experimenter to determine if Iron, Magnesium, and Chromium are in the unknown sample, and from these conclusions, infer if the unknown sample is actually Chromite. In doing this, multiple laboratory skills are needed, along with general knowledge on the elements comprised in the experiment to be covered. As aforementioned, the main objective of this lab is to determine whether or not the unknown sample is in fact chromium.
Comparing and Contrasting: Compare the ratio of moles of iron to moles of copper from the balanced chemical equation to the mole ratio calculated using your data. 8. Evaluating Results: Use the balanced chemical equation to calculate the mass of copper that should have been produced from the sample of iron you used. Use this number and the mass of copper you actually obtained to calculate the percent yield. 9.
Jessica Atanova CHEM 104 lab 03/10/14 SUBSTANCES Granular zinc- gray crystal like | Iodine crystals- dark, circular, rock-like | De-ionized water: used for standard Zinc Ion procedure. | Materials: Boiling tube: for products. | Small test tubes: used to centrifuge the solution and precipitate | Graduated cylinder: used for measurement of water | Stirring rod: used various times to stir samples and solutions. | Spatula: used to measure and transfer the substances. | Centrifuge: used to isolate the solid from the solution | .