Graphene is the newest breakthrough in science. It was discovered in 2004 by Professor Andre Geim and Professor Konstantin Novoselov. Graphene is the thinnest material on earth and is also the strongest. Graphene is said to be 200 times stronger than steel. It could replace Silicon to make computer chips because it is found to be the most conductive material known to man. Graphene is two-dimensional, one atom thick and are arranged in a hexagonal shape. A bit like chicken wire. It is bendy and stretchy.
Professor Andre Geim and Professor Konstantin Novoselov discovered Graphene by using sticky tape to peel away layers from Graphite until there was a single layer. Something surprising is that the lead in pencils are made of Graphite. he layers are weaker when more of them are joined together. Graphene will affect the environment a bit because there will be less pollution if we made many the things with graphene. Making a large amount of Graphene might cost a lot.
In the future, Graphene may replace silicon as computer chips or in solar panels because graphene is a really conductive material. Graphene is really strong so it will be used for body armour instead of kevlar, etc. It might be used for building materials but only when its mixed with something else because Graphene is flexible. Since Graphene is flexible, it can be used for clothing like shirts, and trousers. There is also lots of pollution caused by many different factories. We / The Government can remove some of these factories and make one big graphene factory. This will cost less money for building materials.
Some things that might irritate people are that if we don't find a faster way to get graphene, this process will take a very, very long time. Getting large amounts of graphene quickly can only be done in labs. Even if scientists find a really quick method, it might be really expensive. Some scientists tried working with Graphene but they said it was too sticky...