Grammar Essay

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|1. The Periods in the History of English. |2. The Origin and Position of English. |3. The Verb. | |The evolution of English in the 1,500 years of its existence in |The English language of today is the language that has resulted from the history |The inflection of the verb in the Germanic languages is much simpler than | |England has been an unbroken one. Within this development, however, |of the dialects spoken by the Germanic tribes who came to England in the manner |it was in Indo-European times. A comparison of the Old English verb with | |it is possible to recognize three main periods. Like all divisions in|described. It is impossible to say how much the speech of the Angles differed from|the verbal inflection of Greek or Latin will show how much has been lost. | |history, the periods of the English language are matters of |that of the Saxons or that of the Jutes. The differences were certainly slight. |Old English distinguished only two simple tenses by inflection a present | |convenience and the dividing lines between them purely arbitrary. But|Even after these dialects had been subjected to several centuries of geographical |and a past, and, except for one word, it had no inflectional forms for the| |within each of the periods it is possible to recognize certain broad |and political separation in England, the differences were not great. As we have |passive as in Latin or Greek. It recognized the indicative, subjunctive, | |characteristics and certain special developments that take place. The|seen above {§25) English belongs to the Low West Germanic branch of the |and imperative moods and had the usual two numbers and three persons. | |period from 450 to 1150 is known as Old English.

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