Grammar Essay

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SENTENCES The basic unit of written English language communication 1. Simple Sentences - A simple sentence, also called an independent clause, contains a subject and a verb, and it expresses a complete thought. Some students like to study in the mornings. [Subject: student, verb: like] 2. Complex Sentences - A complex sentence has an independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses. A complex sentence always has a subordinator such as because, since, after, although, or when or a relative pronoun such as that, who, or which. When he handed in his homework, he forgot to give the teacher the last page. 3. Compound Sentences - A compound sentence contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinator. The coordinators are as follows: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. I tried to speak Spanish, and my friend tried to speak English. NOUNS A noun is a word that represents a person, a place, or a thing. A thing in this definition can be a physical entity or it can be an abstract idea. A noun may be used as a subject of a sentence, as a direct object, as an indirect object, or it may be used as the object of a preposition. There are four types of nouns; common, proper, collective, abstract, countable and uncountable nouns. 1. Common Nouns The thing which we can see, touch, feel, hold, use, buy, sell, borrow, lend, wear, save, keep, take, carry, break, send and etc are known as common nouns. We can found these things everywhere in the world. That is why they called as common nouns. Examples: Twinkle, twinkle little star, How I wonder what you are, Up above the world so high, Like a diamond in the sky. From the example above, we can find four common nouns; star, world, diamond, and sky. As we know, there is only one world and one sky but there are a millions of stars in this galaxy which shine like diamonds at

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