Governmental Policies About Energy Efficiency Essay

1715 WordsNov 12, 20097 Pages
Energy is needed to light our homes, cook and refrigerate our food and power every kind of transport and machine. Today, in most industrialized nations worldwide, energy is mainly derived from fossil fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas. However, those sources of energy are non-renewable and they can result in massive carbon emissions which contribute to global warming. It is reported that the amount of greenhouse gas emissions have increased 70% between 1970 and 2004 (Fast Facts on Energy Use, 2009). Hence, if we don’t change the situation, our future generation will be put at risk. One practical solution is to raise energy efficiency to offset the growing energy demand. This essay will evaluate those governmental policies which encourage businesses and households to be more energy efficient. Humans make choices about energy consumption. We not only decide what kind of transportation we use and how much distance we go every year, but also decide how much electricity we consume in our houses or work offices. It is these decisions we make that affect the world’s economy, environment and our future generation. Since 1850 when the industry revolution began, there was an unprecedented and dramatic growth of energy consumption around the world because economists at that time believed using more energy was a prerequisite for economy growth (Swain, 2002). However, the enormous amounts of fossil fuels consumption results in growing CO2 and other emissions, causing climate change and air pollution. For instance, over the past 30 years the average temperature in Arctic winter has risen about 10 degrees (Seize, 2008) and the Antarctic ice sheets, which contain enough water to raise the sea by 12 meters, are melting at accelerating rates (Brown et al. 2008). One measure called Kyoto Protocol which sets binding targets for 37 industrialized countries and the

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