Government Assignment 2

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Government Assignment 2 – Electoral Processes P3 - Additional information * How long does an election campaign last? An election usually lasts about 3 weeks. * What is a general election? A general election is held when parliament is dissolves by the monarch on the advice of the prime minister of the day. Elections are held around every 5 years. Every eligible resident in the UK over the age of 18 can vote. People vote for who they want in parliament for the next 5 years. * What is a local election? Local elections follow a 4 year cycle. To stand for local election you have to be nominated by at least 10 of the registered electors. If you don’t then you are classed as an independent candidate. You must be over the age of 21 to be a candidate. * What voting system is used? We use the first past the post system. This is where voters put a cross in a box next to their favoured candidate and the candidate with the most votes wins. * How long is an election campaign? An election usually lasts about 3 weeks * What happens if two candidates get the same number of votes? They can demand a recount up to 7 times. It is then decided by a lot if same number keeps returning. * What is a by-election? A by-election is when a member dies, retires or is disqualified from membership of the House of Commons. M2. In this section I will compare the different electoral processes used at different levels of government in the UK. There are several types of elections in the UK however the most common are general and local. General - This is where all the seats in the House of Commons are open for election. The maximum time that a parliament can sit in for is 5 years and 3 weeks without a general election being called. The prime minister is the person that calls the election. He/she will normally call an election when they feel they have the best
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