Government And Liberties Essay

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Laura Harrison American Heritage- 80 Essay #1 The role of government leads to many questions. Questions such as how much power the government should have are debated daily. People think they want freedom from government, yet they don’t want anarchy, which can only lead to chaos. The key is to create a government that resolves conflict and provides guidance, while still allowing the individual to maintain power. In forms of governments, like tyranny, one power can overtake and revoke all liberties. In America, the loss of individual liberty is negligible. In a well-constructed form of government, individual liberties are not largely impacted, but praised and used to help maintain order amid conflict. Frank W. Fox and Clayne L. Pope’s textbook, City Upon a Hill, defines liberty as “freedom from oppression, tyranny and government, allowing individuals to pursue happiness through positive action” (Fox and Pope[285]). By this definition of liberty, it makes any government sound like the enemy of liberty. While the founding fathers realized that government could decline to tyranny, they also recognized that freedom could lead into disordered anarchy. James Madison once said, “if men were angels, no government would be necessary” (Higgs). Since the founding fathers didn’t necessarily believe that all men were “angels,” they created a government to protect the liberties of individuals, not take them away. This idea was partly taken from John Locke’s Second Treatise of Government. Locke believed that everyone had the right to live their lives as they chose, as long as they didn’t disrupt the rights of others. However, some did disrupt other’s rights, and so there was need for a common law. Locke also believed that government had one purpose, and that was to protect the rights of the citizens (Fox and Pope[32,22]). In aspects such as economics,
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