Government Essay

1436 WordsMar 13, 20146 Pages
Understanding the Current Reality 1. Explore some of the key issues arising from the relationship between government and society. a. What do the terms ‘government’, ‘state’, ‘nation’ and ‘country’ mean? i. Government : the governing body of persons in a state; authority, management ii. State: a politically unified people occupying a definite territory; condition, circumstances iii. Nation: a large body of people, associated with a particular territory; country with its own government iv. Country: a state or nation; homeland, kingdom b. What are the mechanisms or means used by the governments to influence society? Also known as social control. There are basically two types: v. Informal means of control * Values and rules are fixed such that people have to act in a certain ways (being in the “Normal” range) * Punished by unacceptable behaviour, or vice versa * Punishment: discrimination vi. Formal means of social control * More forceful way of governing through laws and order * Punishment: exile, imprisonment c. What are the mechanisms through which society influences government? vii. Citizens participate democratically in government planning and decision-making processes viii. Those in office exercise responsiveness to citizen needs with accountability and transparency ix. Responsiveness should be a one-way street. * Educating the public about what they should demand from the government * Solely focusing on getting government to deliver on its promises d. What are some forms of governments or political systems existing today? x. Absolute monarchy - a form of government where the monarch rules unhindered, i.e., without any laws,

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