During the 3rd and 5th centuries, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths migrated across Europe and battled the Roman Empire. Their maltreatment of Rome and rival tribes gave them a reputation of barbarians, meaning that the word "Gothic" carried the definition of being "barbaric". Since being barbaric is seen as being full of chaos, brutality, lack of enlightenment and superstitious, the word "Gothic" was considered to be an insult. What is Gothic literature designed to do? Gothic literature is designed to terrify and horrify people in a pleasurable way.
Dracula is a book with many hidden surprises. One of the hidden surprises is the elements of Gothic literature Dracula contains. The first is setting in a tall building such as a castle. Jonathan Harker first encounters the Count at his castle in Transylvania. Another element is an atmosphere of mystery and suspense.
Consequently, the young heroine finds herself involved in many embarrassing situations throughout the novel. However, as the story goes on, Catherine eventually learns to distinguish between fantasy and reality and between her own wild imaginings and her intuition. Northanger Abbey has long been considered an ironic parody of the Gothic novel, which was very popular in Austen’s time. The purpose of this essay is to explore the elements of the Gothic novel present in Jane Austen’s Northanger Abbey and to analyze the way in which they have been satirized by the author. Jane Austen’s Northanger Abbey: a Gothic Parody The Gothic fiction is a literary genre that combines elements of both horror and romance.
He created the mark by raking his claws across their flesh, or by making a red or blue bump using a hot iron; sometimes the mark was believed to have been left by the Devil licking them. To some extent witches are seen as significant within Shakespeare’s Macbeth for many different reasons; the core reason is due to their direct link with the gothic which is portrayed by the witches through supernatural means such as curses and spells. One reason as to why the witches are significant is due to their representation of the gothic. They can be seen as representing forces of evil, supernatural elements and manifestation of human desires; all of which are typical gothic conventions. The idea of the witches representing manifestation of human desires is a key element as they can be seen as the “alcohol” that “hinders performance”; they stimulate Macbeths desire to be king to such an extent that his own “black” desires cause his ultimate demise.
As the industrial life became dull and mechanical, the lure of exotic lands spurred the imaginations of architects such as Nash and painters such as Delacroix and Ingres. The people of the romantic age were fascinated with evil, the demonic, and the grotesque and the dark side of things that were reflected in the novel, with its medieval setting and tortured characters. The most famous Gothic novel was Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein”, which was a summation of the romantic motifs: “the genius, the noble savage, the protest against injustice, and the fascination with evil.” (Bishop 345) During the romantic period a dramatic change came about for Western musicians and
Shaped by their distinctly different contexts, Shelley and Scott strive to convey this notion, through bold cinematic and literary techniques, characterisation and themes, of the fatal path humanity has placed itself on. Mary Shelley’s seminal novel, Frankenstein 1818, is a moral fable combining conflicting paradigms of Romantic idealism and Enlightenment rationalism. Shelley delves into these ideologies in a classic gothic horror story that presents the unequivocal issues concerning the ethics and consequences of the pursuit of knowledge and scientific experimentation. Influenced by the increasing popularity of galvanism, Shelley effectively illustrates her apprehensions through the character development of Victor Frankenstein and his juxtaposition against nature. Victor admits his deep desire for ‘immortally and power’ through ‘penetrating the secrets of nature’, which is manifested in his technological innovation of the creature, highlighting the extreme yet realistic potential for technology to create human life.
Gothic horror is a type of romantic, horror fiction based on irrational fear that overpowered the 18th century in England. The term 'gothic' comes from the architectural style of the middle ages, but came to describe the dark, making tales now scary and popular. Gothic horror can be determined by many things which exist in all gothic horror stories, for example eerie settings such as gothic monasteries, bleak comfortless castles, grave yards and cobwebbed rooms lit by guttering candles. It can also be determined by a unique character such as a beast, monster, ghost, evil creature and innocent person. Usually the innocent person is killed by the evil creature in a gothic horror story.
Feminist Approach in Dracula by Bram Stoker In the novel of Bram Stoker women are sometimes portrayed to be pitiful creatures where they need the male protection and care. On the other hand we also see rise the other “New Woman”, contaminated by Dracula where women are created into more sexual and stronger women. Bram Stoker’s Dracula is symbolic of Victorian sex roles and repression, where he shows us two different sides of women and how much threat could they have on a very rational society. Dracula sees women in a lower hierarchy position and also in power where he uses “Lucy and Mina” as a way to try to defeat the group. Practically, the two major female characters, Lucy and Mina, are the ones who are been contaminated and then transformed into vampires: “Lucy Westenra, but yet how changed.
Two significant gothic works include Bram Stoker’s infamous story Dracula and Christabel a long narrative poem by Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s. This essay will discuss these texts in relation to specific gothic tropes that surround the female protagonists and how they compare and contrast. Bram Stoker’s Dracula is a classic example of gothic tropes in literature; published in 1897 the story is set in England and Eastern Europe. The main female protagonist character Miss Mina Murray/Harker is a young meek schoolmistress who marries the male protagonist and both are victimized by Count Dracula. Miss Lucy Westenra is Mina’s best friend and subsequently opposite in characteristics; she is a vivacious young woman who becomes Dracula’s first victim.
The horror genre also known as horror fiction is a genre of literature, which is intended to have the power to almost frighten the readers very badly, scare them or giving them a irritating feeling of something horror and terror is going to happen soon. It actually creates a strange and frightening kind of atmosphere. In fact the horror can either be supernatural or non- supernatural. Back in the 1800- centuries the genre was actually reformulated as Gothic