A friend of Mina Harker, Jonathan’s fiancée, develops a strange disease leading to vampire expert Prof. Van Helsing’s statement that Dracula must be caught and ritually killed. Bram Stoker undoubtedly reveals his distinct writing style in Dracula, partly because of his nineteenth century style. Whether the purpose of Dracula was to entertain or not, it was certainly a suspenseful novel. Although the first four diary
In the most important aspects of Frankenstein; Frankenstein is compelling in and of itself. This book has stories that surround other stories, setting them up in one way or another. Frankenstein is a gothic novel that focuses on mysterious or supernatural features. It takes place in dark, often exotic settings. Readers feel uneasy and in terror after reading the novel.
The presentation of such creatures however, has morphed over time. Stoker relies heavily on the conventions of Gothic fiction, a genre that was extremely popular in the early nineteenth century. Gothic fiction traditionally includes elements such as gloomy castles, sublime landscapes, ‘Of bell or knocker there was no sign. Through these frowning walls and dark window openings it was not likely my voice could penetrate’. ‘Dracula’ contains all of the criteria of for a Gothic novel.
GOTHIC ELEMENTS IN THE TURN OF THE SCREW The turn of the screw is an example of gothic, horror fiction, and it has been a favorite between many narrative options due to its confusing plot and end that leaves more questions than answers. This story doesn’t leave the reader indifferent in this plethora of ways to interpret the scheme forged in the novella by Henry James’ mind. According to Oxford dictionary Gothic in literature is “an English genre of fiction popular in the 18th to early 19th centuries, characterized by an atmosphere of mystery and horror and having a pseudo-medieval setting”. The gothic fiction, is a heavy contribution inside the story, giving an eerie atmosphere. The turn of the screw has been classified in different genres, but this it is mostly a Gothic horror.
Gothic novels were given a genre of their own primarily because of their emotional extremes and their dark themes. It was full of remote setting, and it was a reaction to the people who had contemporary thinking at that time. It also mixes with perception of the view of reader, and Stoker creates Jonathan Harker as a rational narrator to make the opening chapter reliable to readers. The first chapter introduces the reader to the setting and the character of Jonathan Harker within the format of the book is composed as a diary and journal entry. The reader knows this because the novel is written in the first person and other characters are introduced from Harker’s perspective.
Many people were taken in by this nineteenth-century writer’s harsh outlook on life in his work. One is capable of only imagining the things that Edgar Allan Poe has, throughout his deeply saddening and depressing time here on earth, brought to life in his writing by simply printing in words different sections and scenarios of his ambiguous life. Edgar A. Poe lived a very somber orphan life which later became the foundation to the origin of his gothic nature and writing. Poe is recognized as a genius who reinvented the gothic tale of mystery and horror for his time (Introduction 1). Poe placed the reader inside the tortured minds and lives of people confronting the supernatural.
The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Lack of communication: Throughout the novel, the characters demonstrate an inability to fully express them, or choose to withhold highly important information. no one who meets Hyde can describe exactly what it is about his appearance or face that makes him seem evil, but all agree that upon meeting or seeing him, they felt a sense of horror. Finally, much of the important details regarding the nature of Jekyll and Hyde are passed on in written form rather than in speech. In a letter written just before his death, Lanyon instructs Utterson not to read the contents until the death or disappearance of Jekyll. Similarly, Jekyll writes his final confession in a letter to Utterson, rather than sharing his secrets in person.
The public-houses were just closing, and dim men and women were clustering in broken groups round their doors. From some of the bars came the sound of a horrible laughter. In others drunkards brawled and screamed.” The unexplained supernatural is a regular theme in gothic novels and in A Picture of Dorian Gray, Dorian’s bargain with the devil and the magical effect of this on his portrait is the novels most important gothic element. In the first chapter when Henry manages to convince Dorian that beauty and youth is everything and that without these two things a man is worth nothing, Dorian’s subconsciously, in the pursuit of absolution says ‘I would give my soul’ . And for the next eighteen years his wish is fulfilled, not a hint of a crease marks his face.
Throughout the story he uses elaborate description to portray an image of fear to his readers. To bring more fear into the story he used a dark and gloomy setting which to many people would be a scary place where many supernatural things could happen. Throughout the nineteenth century was a period of spiritual confusion many people believed in ghosts because the supernatural couldn’t be explained. Even though scientists tried to come up with theories about the supernatural they couldn’t. To many people trains were also part of the supernatural because they
English 113 February 16, 2013 “The Tell-Tale Heart”: Elements of Gothicism As an offshoot to Romanticism, Gothic literature became keen in the 19th Century, leaving Edgar Allen Poe to claim his title as the father of Gothicism. In Poe’s short story “The Tell-Tale Heart”, the narrator himself is a classic character of Gothicism. Witnessing the insanity his character is consumed by and the murder he commits, this story really gives the reader a dark perception and demonstrates a feeling of abnormality and general deviance. Throughout the entire story, the conflict morphs from the narrator versus the eye, to the narrator versus his own madness. The “Tell-Tale Heart” can be definitively be classified as Gothic literature because Poe’s strong use of imagery, symbolism, and the element of suspense captivates and further heightens the sense of how insane the narrator really is.