Gordon Functional Health Assessment Essay

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Funda 3 1b 1. Function of skin 1- Protect underlying structure from external environment 2- Prevent infection by keeping out of disease-causing organisms 3- Regulate body temperature 4- Excretion of metabolic waste 2. Common type of burn- dry burn 1- Flames 2- Contact with hot object 3- Friction-rope burn 3. Scald 1- Steam 2- Hot liquid 4. Radiation burn- sun, radiotherapy 5. Electric burn-lightning 6. Chemical burn- strong acid/alkali 7. Cold injury- contact with dry ice, liquid nitrogen 8. Classification 1- 1st degree burnsuperficial 2- 2nd degree burnpartial thickness 3- 3rd degree burn full thickness 9. 1st degree burn 1- Superficial burn 2- Affected layer= epidermis 3- S&S: Redness, pain (nerve ending), no blister (水泡) formation 4- Heal in 2-5 days 5- No scarring 10. 2nd degree burn 1- Partial thickness burn 2- Affected layer: dermis 3- S&S: Extremely painful, swelling, blister formation, vasodilation cause skin to appear flushed 4- Heal in 5 days to 3 weeks 5- Minimal scarring if treated with care 11. 3rd degree burn 1- Full thickness burn 2- Affected layer: full thickness and all layers of skin 3- S&S: Leather-like appearance, and appear black charred, painless due to damage of nerve endings, reduced movement due to damage of muscle and fat 4- Require weeks to heal for small area 5- Can be life-threatening due to massive infection and shock 6- Massive and dense scarring 12. Estimate extent of burn- The Rule of Nines 1- Useful for large burns 2- Difficult for small burns or with burns that are spread across the body 13. The palmar method 1- More accurate for multiple small burns 2- The palm of victim’s hand is estimated to be 1% of the total body

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