This is the contradicting of Jung. Jung has analysis himself to experience the unconscious through his dreams and fantasia Jung believe that he was strong enough to make dangerous journey and come back to talk about it. His goal was to understand the unconscious from the purpose viewpoint of scientist. Ellis thoughts are that society is more disturbs and it more inclusive and exact “people disturb themselves by thing that have happen to them. And by the view, feelings, and actions” (p16) Horney’s (1950) also Adler writes that our Emotional reactions and lifestyle are associated with our basic beliefs and are therefore cognitively created.
Although the ego and superego operates on all three levels of awareness; conscious, preconscious, and unconscious- the id is the entirely unconscious, expressing its urges at a conscious level through the ego. (Parrott III, 2nd edition, 2011) Freud also studied areas of repression and resistance, unconsciousness, dreams, sexuality, the Oedipus complex, and sexual maladjustment, and hysteria. Freud believed that some mental disorders like hysteria were based on sexual manner. Sigmund Freud’s revolutionary ideas have set the standard for modern psychoanalysis. Freud’s Psychoanalysis therapy has both devoted admirers and strong critics.
The first orientation that I have chosen to use with this family is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. It was developed as a reaction to the psychodynamic approach (Tuttle, et al., 2003). It includes aspects of both Cognitive and Behavioral theories. Cognitive Theory suggests that people are influenced by their innate beliefs about themselves and the world around them. It assumes that human problems come from operating on faulty, irrational beliefs.
Compare and contrast the work of Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth on understanding attachment. Within attachment theory, attachment is an affectional bond or tie between an individual and an attachment figure. The theory of attachment was first introduced into psychology by the eminent psychologist John Bowlby in the 1940’s and 1950’s. Both Harlow and Ainsworth’s research was a direct result of previous attachment studies by Bowlby. His findings into attachment radically challenged the prevalent behaviourist theory of Watson of learned infant attachment in response to constant stimuli and the psychoanalytical theory of Freud that attachment was based on biological needs or ‘cupboard love’ theories as unreliable.
Over the course of his therapy sessions, Will and his psychologist, Sean, grow closer and form a unique bond. Will also forms a relationship with a beautiful, bright woman named Skylar, however due to his detachment issues, he denies her invitation to join her in California and tells her he doesn’t love her. Over time Sean, gets Will to realize that his abusive upbringing wasn’t his fault and he is finally able to let go of his self-loathing and start a new life, driving off to California to meet Skylar. Intrapersonal Communication can be defined as “communication with ourselves, or self-talk” (Wood, 2008, p. 372). A large part of intrapersonal communication has to do with self.
The patient believes that A causes C but the therapist’s job is to show them that B – their irrational thoughts cause C – their mental distress. Therefore, the therapy works by helping the client change their irrational belief system (B) to improve the emotional consequences (C). This is done by disputing the belief system and proving their thoughts to be irrational – for example logical disputing, where the client must ask themselves “does thinking this way make sense”. The client and therapist must have a strong relationship to encourage the client to be open with the therapist who must show unconditional positive regard – be encouraging and positive towards the client to ensure they start to believe in themselves. The effort of RET is that irrational thoughts are restructured to more positive rational ones and as a
Abstract An ideal form of the therapeutic process for individual counseling is comprised of techniques and theories taken from the Psychodynamic Approach, Cognitive-Behavioral Approach, Person-Centered Approach and behavior modification techniques that are found in Operant Conditioning. These individual counseling techniques were chosen based on how effective and relevant to the client, they were deemed to be. Techniques taken from the psychodynamic approach is to allow the client to become conscious of all unconscious or subconscious concerns through the use of transference and working alliance. Techniques taken from the cognitive-behavioral approach is to help the client identify any irrational beliefs and thinking that is the cause of the client’s emotional disturbance. In the person centered approach, the therapy focuses on an important human characteristic - the client’s natural ability for growth and development, through the use of self actualization.
This essay will compare and contrast the three main core theories of counselling by considering the following: Concept of person, Origins of problems, Formulation of the problem, and Counselling techniques. Within Psychodynamic theory the ‘concept of person’ is that a person’s behaviour is determined by unconscious processes. Psychodynamic counselling has its origins in psychoanalytic theory, from which it has drawn basic assumptions about human growth and development. Freud’s view of human beings, based on his clinical observations, was negative and pessimistic in that he perceived them as being inherently selfish, impulsive, and irrational. His view of human behaviour was deterministic- that is, he saw behaviour as predetermined by biological instincts and drives along with previous life experiences.
Cognitive Therapy Groups Introduction Cognitive behavioral therapy utilizes a group dynamic format, in conjunction with standards cognitive behavioral techniques, to change maladaptive (which are learned behaviors) and dysfunctional beliefs, interpretations, behaviors, and attitudes. Some of the most common interventions include automatic thought records, disputing beliefs, monitoring moods, developing an arousal hierarchy, monitoring activities, problem solving, Socratic questioning, relaxation methods, risk assessment, and relapse prevention. Cognitive Therapy perceives psychological problems as stemming from commonplace process such as faulty thinking, making incorrect inferences on the basis of inadequate or incorrect information, and failing to distinguish between fantasy and reality. The cognitive model of group therapy is based on a theory that emphasizes the interaction of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors; these components are interrelated and multidirectional. The most direct way to change dysfunctional emotions and behaviors is to modify inaccurate and dysfunctional thinking.
I am never excluded from the "in crowd" because Daddy is that crowd for me. Bringing boys home is another benefit to being a "daddy's girl." My daddy is laid back so he will sit back while momma asks the questions. Daddy only gives input if he really does not like the boy. Weeding out the "throw backs" is not an easy job and I want to make sure I find my "keeper."